Color blindness is a color vision deficiency, characterized by an individual's inability to differentiate between various colors. Though it is genetic in nature, i.e., passing from one generation to another, a significant number of cases are related to some damage caused to the eye, brain, or nerves. In rare cases, exposure to certain chemicals can also trigger this condition.
In spite of being technically incorrect, the term 'color blindness' is preferred over color vision deficiency, owing to the simplicity of pronunciation and understanding for a layman. Though it is a minor disability, individuals affected by it are bound to have a tough time choosing clothes or reading analytical diagrams.
Facts About Color Blindness
The first person to present a paper on color blindness was English scientist, John Dalton. As a mark of respect for his contribution, the conditions is also referred to as Daltonism. Interestingly, John Dalton was a color blind himself.
The severity of this eye problem is usually categorized into four parts.
- Slightly color blind
- Moderately color blind
- Strongly color blind
- Absolutely color blind
Color blindness is a genetic disorder in humans. As the most common form of this deficiency is related to X chromosome or color blindness chromosome, it is more common in males. Even those females who are not color blind themselves, are known to be active carriers of this condition. While a mother is bound to pass her red-green color blindness to all her sons, it is less likely that the father will do the same.
Red-green Color Blindness
Approximately 99 percent of all color blind people suffer from red-green color blindness, of which around 75 percent have problems with green perception and 24 percent have problems with red perception. But that doesn't mean the person only gets confused between red and green. The fact is that the problem prevails in the whole color spectrum. The most common form of eye problem is deuteranomaly, a form of red-green color blindness. The condition being recessive sex linked, we see that more men are color blind than their female counter parts.
There are several types of tests, the most commonly used ones being ...
- Pseudoisochromatic plates
- Arrangement test
- Anomaloscope test
Although color blindness is classified as a disability, people suffering from it are known to have certain advantages over people with normal vision. One such advantage being their ability to penetrate certain camouflages with ease. As of today, there is no accepted treatment of color blindness, but there is a hope that we will have one very soon.