Dizzy spells, they refer to impairment in spatial perception and stability. It can also mean vertigo, pre-syncope, and disequilibrium. Many of us experience spells of dizziness, at some time or the other. While learning about this condition, it is important to know what exactly a bout of vertigo feels like so that exact analysis and treatment of its cause is possible. When some people experience giddiness, they feel light-headed whereas when some people feel dizzy, they feel that the world is spinning around them. Lightheadedness is when the person feels he/she is about to faint. This condition improves when the person lies down.
If the case is severe, the person may faint, feel nauseated, or even vomit. Vertigo, on the other hand, is when the person feels that the surroundings are moving whereas in reality, there are no actual movements. In severe dizziness, the person may feel nauseated or vomit and experience trouble standing or walking and may lose balance and fall. Statistically speaking, vertigo is said to be the cause for about 25% cases of dizziness. The symptoms of dizziness include a loss of balance, lightheadedness, feeling of fainting or fainting, weakness, feeling of rotation around self, blurring vision, nausea, etc.
What Causes Dizzy Spells?
One of the causes is a sudden drop in the blood pressure. It obstructs sufficient blood-flow to the brain and this causes lightheadedness. Similarly, when a person is dehydrated, the brain may not get sufficient supply of blood and this may cause a dizzy spell. Loss of balance or spinning can be caused due to malfunction in at least two of three main organs in the body. The organs that contribute to the sense of balance are the inner ears, eyes, and the nervous system. The major problems that can give rise to dizziness include stroke, heart attack, or severe drop in the blood pressure.
Insufficient supply of glucose to the brain is one of the common causes of this condition, in other words, it is the lack of fuel to the brain. At the same time, abnormally high levels of insulin in the blood can also cause disorientation, dizzy spells, and headaches. Similar is the case with glucose, insufficient supply of oxygen to the brain can also give rise to it. There are many reasons, which can cause insufficient supply of oxygen to the brain.
Loss of blood, either due to internal or external bleeding, can cause this condition. Heavy menstrual bleeding can cause giddy spells in women. Any problem of the inner ear, which has an important role to play in maintaining balance, can cause inner ear dizziness.
More often than not, this condition does not require any treatment. However, if one experiences frequent sudden giddy spells, then it is recommended that one visits the health care professional. The physician would be in a better position to treat this chronic dizziness. One would have to treat the underlying condition, in order to treat dizziness. If disequilibrium is caused due to low blood pressure, then the appropriate medication to treat the condition would have to be taken. When a person experiences dizziness and nausea at the same time, the physician would prescribe certain medication to relieve the symptoms.
If one experiences this condition when standing up, it is recommended that he/she does not get out of bed with a jerk. On waking up, rise up slowly, sit on the bed for sometime, before getting out of bed. This would help to normalize the blood pressure and one would not feel lightheadedness. When one feels dizzy, it is recommended to sit down immediately, to avoid any injury, in case one faints. If one experiences constant dizziness, it is recommended to avoid caffeine, diet drinks, aerated drinks, tobacco, and alcohol. Although this condition may not be serious in nature, in case they become frequent, one should seek the physician's advice.
Disclaimer: This HealthHearty article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.