Eczema is a skin disorder that is experienced as inflammation of the epidermis, which is the outermost layer of the skin. Eczema can also be defined as a form of dermatitis and is actually an umbrella term that covers various types of similar skin disorders. These are recurring skin rashes that are itchy and dry with redness or swelling, flaking, and cracking and bleeding. Eczema can be caused on any part of the body, especially around the knees and elbows. However, it can also affect the area around the eyes, including the eyelids.
In this case, eczema starts with itching of the corners which soon spreads around the eyes. The eye is a sensitive body organ hence the treatment is also very sensitive. The primary measure to take is to first diagnose if the condition a person's experiencing is actually eczema. The area looks red and patchy, and is also quite itchy. Here we talk about why one may experience this condition, and what methods of treatment are prescribed for it.
What Causes Eczema Around Your Eyes?
Eczema seen around the eyes is categorized as atopic eczema, which is also considered to be an eye allergy (atopic meaning allergic). There are several types of eczema and each have different causes and cures. The causes of this condition are as follows.
- There is no thorough scientific research to back this explanation; skin experts suggest that eczema is caused by abnormal functioning of the immune system. Those who are prone to developing autoimmune diseases may suffer from eczema.
- Certain types of eczema are caused by allergies and allergic reactions that appear due to the use of certain products on the skin or those that tend to come in contact with the skin. These allergens can be soaps, cosmetics, certain types of fabrics, detergents, medication, jewelry, and even sweat.
- There are also several environmental factors that can cause eczema around the eyes, such as dry or extreme changes in weather.
- Even the consumption of certain types of food can cause an allergic reaction that can result in eczema around the eyes.
- Surprisingly, even psychological changes in a person like stress and anxiety can trigger eczema.
- Finally, if no other reason can be isolated then heredity plays an important part too.
Ideally, since the area around the eyes is sensitive, one should visit a dermatologist who will correctly diagnose and treat the condition. There are several topical drugs that a dermatologist may prescribe that may consist of cortisone, a steroid. Do remember that only prescribed medication should be used to treat eczema around the eyes, because, the eyes are quite a sensitive organ hence, anything corrosive will harm the eyelid which in turn will damage the protective layer of the eyes.
As eczema is considered to be an autoimmune disease, doctors make an effort to suppress its hyperactivity by prescribing oral and topical steroids. Changes in one's diet are suggested, and emphasis is placed on keeping the body hydrated by drinking lots of water.
Leading a stress-free lifestyle, avoiding makeup that may cause allergic reactions and relying on hypoallergenic makeup (especially for women), using gentle facial skin care products, along with a healthy diet, a little bit of exercise, and drinking plenty of water is the best possible way to avoid and treat eczema around your eyes. Take care and stay fit!
Disclaimer: This HealthHearty article is for informative purposes only and does not, in any way, intend to replace the advice of a medical expert.