Eye floaters is a medical term that is also known as vitreous floaters or eye spots. They look like small specks of black or gray, cobwebs, circles or strings floating in the field of vision. They are visible to only those who experience them.
Eye floaters may be momentary spots and you may see them when you look at a blank wall. One may occasionally see these small squiggly lines or tiny specks floating across their field of vision. This occasional spotting is not a big worry and is a common phenomenon. In this article we shall see some information regarding eye floaters cure. However, before we move on, let us understand what causes this interesting medical phenomenon.
Eye floaters are commonly seen as a geriatric disorder as there are changes in the vitreous humor due to aging. The vitreous humor is a jelly like substance that is filled in your eyeballs. It helps to maintain your eyeballs in their round shape. There are millions of fibers that surround the vitreous humor that are attached to the retina. This is a light sensitive tissue present at the back of your eyes.
The consistency of vitreous humor changes with time and it becomes partially liquefied. This causes it to shrink and pull away from the interior surface. With the shrinking of vitreous humor, it gets clumpy and stringy. These clumpy bits block light that passes through the eye and causing tiny shadows on the retina. If a section of the vitreous humor pulls away suddenly, it will lead to appearance of eye floaters. One may even experience light flashes when the fine fibers in the vitreous humor pull over the retina. These eye floaters are thus, the shadows of the vitreous humor debris and you do not actually see these bits. These floaters do not remain still, instead they float around the eye that makes them appear like they are 'drifting'.
The other reason for developing eye floaters include eye injury or strain. Abnormal growth of blood vessels or hemorrhages inside the eye may also cause floaters. Benign eye floaters may also be an indication of a serious complication. The fine fibers may be pulled so hard that they may cause the retina to tear away from its position. This pull may not cause vision problems, but it may lead to a retinal tear or retinal detachment that may lead to permanent loss of vision.
The symptoms include small objects of different shape appearing in your vision. These objects move, appear, and disappear slowly. They move as you move your eyes and are most noticeable against a plain bright background. These backgrounds include a bright wall, the sky, computer screen, etc.
When do Eye Floaters need Medical Attention
As mentioned above, eye floaters are a common phenomenon. However, if you experience this condition with bright light flashes, you need medical help immediately. If you experience a sudden appearance of a flood of floaters, it means the vitreous humor is pulling away from the retina. Or it may even mean the retina is getting detached from the back of the eye. The blood vessels attached to the retina are torn and it may cause internal bleeding of the eye.
Some may experience a cloudy area on the side field of vision in one eye. Many people have described this symptom as a 'curtain' closing on part of their vision. This is a sign of retinal detachment and needs immediate treatment. The surgeon may have enough time to reattach the retina and restore its function, or else vision may be lost permanently. The posterior vitreous detachments (PVDs) are more common and may not be categorized as a medical emergency.
Many times, it becomes a nuisance to have spots and specks floating around your eyes. Thus, many people seek some kind of eye floaters cure. These floaters generally fade with time and become less irritating. Generally, one does not require any kind of treatment. However, if the eye floaters are hampering and interfering with ones vision, the doctor may advice 'vitrectomy'. This is a surgical procedure that uses a hollow needle to withdraw the vitreous humor from the eye. Saline liquid is used to replace the vitreous humor. However, this surgery may lead to other complications like retinal detachment or cataract. Surgery is advised only in very rare cases and carried out by a few immensely experienced ophthalmology surgeons.
If the floaters are not an indication of a serious complication and surgery is out of the question, then the only eye floaters cure is getting used to it. The more you become used to seeing these eye floaters, the less will you notice them. The doctor may advice you with some eye drops and herbal remedies that will help reduce their appearance. Speak to your doctor regarding your condition and learn to deal with them positively.
You should maintain proper eye care and eat a healthy diet to avoid eye problems. Also find ways to reduce your stress. This will help in countering the problem to a certain extent. This was some information related to eye floaters treatment. These are harmless spots most of the time and they appear and disappear on their own. If you suddenly begin to 'see' a 'sea' of eye floaters, remember, you need to meet your doctor straightaway.
Disclaimer: This article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.