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Eye Irritation

Eye Irritation

Eye irritation can be a really frustrating problem. Discovering its cause will help you zero in on the course of treatment to be followed. This HealthHearty post explains the various causes that lead to eye irritation.
Loveleena Rajeev
Our eyes are a small, delicate organ of our body. Being exposed to the elements, they are susceptible to damage or irritation. At some point, we have all experienced eye irritation. This condition is quite common, however, one should not be lax about its treatment and care.
Causes of Eye Irritation

Causes of an eye irritation tend to vary; from a simple particle of dust to an infection, anything can result in an inflammation. The course of treatment can only be selected after determining the cause. Here are a few possible causes:
  • Stye: A very common infection, generally occurring on the eyelid, close to the eyelashes. A stye is an infection of oil glands in the eyelid. When dirt gets trapped in the glands, it results in inflammation and eyelid irritation. It tends to be contagious, infecting more areas around the eyes.
  • Blepharitis: This is also an infection of the eyelids. It occurs due to excess growth of bacteria in the lash follicles. It is chronic in nature, resulting in the inflammation of the eyelash follicles.
  • Ocular Rosacea: Rosacea is a skin condition; it is termed ocular rosacea when it occurs in the region surrounding the eyes. It manifests through a swollen eyelid with a persistent burning feeling in the eyes.
  • Dry Eyes: Dry eye irritation occurs as a result of dryness of the cornea and conjunctiva. A deficient or abnormal tear production or composition causes dry eyes. As there are insufficient tears to lubricate and nourish the eye, it leads to irritation.
  • Keratitis: Keratitis refers to a wide range of infections or inflammation of the cornea. It is an erosion or (sometimes) a open sore in the outer layer of the cornea. Treatment is an absolute must to inhibit further deterioration of the cornea.
  • Other causes: Other causes include iritis, an inflammation of the iris, pink eye, injuries, accumulation of dust, infected contact lenses, tired eyes, or the use of eye make up which is of inferior quality.
Associated Symptoms

Symptoms of this problem completely depend upon the cause. Most symptoms associated with irritation in eyes are burning, itching, eyelid irritation, red eyes, watery eyes, inflamed eyes or eyelid, flaky skin or dandruff on the eyelids, sensitivity to light, pus infection in case of a stye, bumps on the eyelids, spots on the cornea, severe eye pain, blurry vision, bloodshot eyes, loss of eyelashes and/or inflamed eyelid margins.
Eye irritation treatment completely depends upon what causes it. Treatment involves prescription medication of anti-inflammatory and antibiotic treatment drops or ointments. Besides these, home remedies using cold or warm compress, avoiding the use of contact lenses until infection is clear, reduced use of eye make up will also help. Ocular hygiene or eye care is essential to keep eye inflections at bay.
Disclaimer: This HealthHearty article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.