Our legs are attached to the torso with the help of the hip joint. Hip joint pain is quite common among men and women. Hip pain can be acute or chronic, but the main point is that it has its origin in the joint. Injury to the muscles, tissues and other structures surrounding the hip joint or within the hip joint, can be the cause of constant pain in hip. The hip joint is three dimensional. So, pain can be felt in the front part of the hip, along the outer side or even in the buttock area. Muscles surrounding the hip and the tendons across the hip joint are responsible for the easy movement of the hip joint in various directions. Muscles help maintain the stability of the joint. Where muscles intersect, fluid filled sacs, known as bursae, help the muscle and tendons to glide easily. Inflammation of the injured tendons, bursae or muscles usually leads to hip muscle pain.
Causes of Muscle Pain in Hips
Causes of Muscle Pain in Hips
- Muscle Strain: Muscle pull or bruises (an injury due to overexertion), sprains and strains of the muscle can be very painful, even though there is no bone fracture. Exercising wrongly, lifting weights in a wrong way may lead to muscle strain. Muscle tightness, groin pulls and hamstrings pulls can lead to muscle strain.
- Arthritis: Arthritis is the main cause of hip pain in the elderly. These days, young people are also facing the problem of arthritis. Muscle pain in hips is one of the main hip arthritis symptoms. If you often notice hip pain when walking or running, you should consult your physician.
- Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis makes the bones porous and weaker, resulting in more strain on supporting muscles. So, pain in hip is often experienced by the patients of osteoporosis.
- Tendonitis: Over-strained tendons of the muscles get inflamed and cause pain in the joint. The condition is known as tendonitis and this is common for hips. Athletes often notice hip pain after running or dancers often face the problem of tendonitis, due to repetitive strenuous activities.
- Bursitis: Bursitis occurs when there is inflammation of bursae due to any kind of strain or sprain. Causes of pain in anterior hip are either associated with bursitis or structural defect in the abdominal wall.
- Sciatica: Sciatica or herniated discs can lead to spinal problems, resulting in painful back and hip. The pain originates in the lower back and moves to the hips.
- Perthes Disease: Bilateral hip pain is one of the common hip muscle pain symptoms. Perthes disease, where the topmost part of the thigh bone softens up and breaks down, can lead to bilateral hip pain. It mainly affects children.
- Bone Fracture: Hip bone fracture leads to severe pain and restricted movement of the joint.
- Exercises: Performing hip pain exercises under the guidance of a trainer, is the best way to get rid of the pain. Exercises make your muscles flexible, and reduce the chances of injury. Yoga, stretch exercises and physical therapy along with adequate rest help overcome painful conditions.
- Posture: Always sit straight and while standing, your posture should be such that your body weight is equally distributed on both the legs. While sleeping, lie on your back, with your legs apart. While lifting any object, hold it close to your body.
- Massage: Proper massage with effective oils (olive, sesame or mustard oil mixed with herbal medicines) or applying over the counter ointments can prove beneficial for hip muscle pain relief.
- Other Therapies: Hip pain can be treated with chiropractic treatment, acupuncture, anti-inflammatory enzymatic therapy, homeopathy, etc.
- Surgery: Sometimes, the patient may have to undergo a surgery. Hip joint replacement is quite common today. But, let it be the last option.
- Weight Loss: You are expected to control your weight, if the muscles in the hip are weakened. Choose a suitable weight loss diet.