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Involuntary Muscle Twitch

Involuntary muscle twitches can just be an annoyance or they can be an indicator of severe form of health conditions. Quick medical diagnosis and evaluation can help in deciphering more intricacies about this unique medical condition.
Kundan Pandey
Last Updated: Mar 12, 2018
Eye twitching is an event that we all must have experienced sometimes in our lives. However, for many people muscle twitching occurs frequently over a short period of time and then it disappears suddenly, without giving any hint of its existence. In most of the cases, involuntary muscle twitch doesn't require any specific treatment. The elusive nature of muscle twitching makes it a difficult to predict medical condition.
An Overview of Involuntary Twitching in the Muscles
If you have been observing muscle twitches in your body for quite a significant period of time and they don't seem to go away, it can be a cause of concern for your health. Commonly experienced twitches result due to anxiety and stress, however, if the twitching is prolonged, interfering with your daily life, it is the time to go to a doctor and find the underlying cause behind the twitching. Medical scholars are of the view that uncomfortable and frequent muscle twitching give a hint towards the possibility of medical problems related to nervous system. Different forms and behavior of muscle twitch (spasms) are known by names like myoclonus, muscle fasciculation in the medical terminology.
What Causes the Twitch
Body muscles coordinate movements by working under the direction of the nervous system. If there is a malfunctioning in the communication between bundles of nerve fibers in the muscle and the brain, muscles or some of its parts can contract for some time, giving the feeling of a muscle twitch. This simple and harmless muscle contraction assumes severe forms in chronic medical conditions like epilepsy, muscular dystrophy, ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or Lou Gehrig's disease) and other forms of nerve damage in the body. These medical conditions are said to be the significant contributors of involuntary muscle spasms or twitching. As per the findings of several medical studies, medical complications associated to thyroid glands are also known to trigger muscle twitching in body areas around mouth. If we leave aside these major reasons of muscle twitching, rest others are associated with poor lifestyle habits. Our dietary choices significantly determine our health. If we don't intake essential vitamins like A, B, C and E in our diets, our muscles are bound to suffer weakness and lack of energy that can trigger muscle spasms. Relying heavily on drugs and medications, or for that matter, excess of stimulants (alcohol) cause our muscles to function irregularly leading to muscle twitching. Alcoholism also contributes to dehydration, just like high doses of caffeinated drinks, that eventually causes spasms in the muscle. Similarly, many a time, overworked muscles can also twitch after exercising heavily. Anxiety and stress, as aforementioned are the commonest trigger factors for muscle twitching issues.
Treatment Options
There is no fixed diagnosis or explanation of involuntary muscle twitching. It is you who have to observe the nature and time phase of your twitching to explain your condition to your doctor. Your doctor will help you in assessing the symptoms medically so that you can know, if it is some neurological condition that is responsible for a feeling of weakened muscle or the worsening issue of your muscle twitching. Lifestyle changes can certainly bring positive results in tackling twitching problems. Drinking plenty of water daily and fighting stress related causes can go a long way in curing issues of muscle twitching. Yoga and breathing exercises are a real boon for people who are diagnosed with nervous system complications. The better control an individual has on his or her breathing, the healthier he or she will be. Even a gym workout and playing your favorite outdoor game can act as stress busters. Reading good books and enjoying music can also lessen issues of overstressed muscles. Eating healthy is certainly the simplest way to control the problems of lack of vitamin deficiency in the body.
Now we know that muscle spasms can be benign or very serious, so it is essential that you should keep a close watch on involuntary muscle twitch in arms, legs, face or any other body area. Don't hesitate to go to the doctor, as he is the trained professional to guide at every step.