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Back Pain Due to Kidney Problems

Back Pain Due to Kidney Problems

Back pain can occur due to various reasons. Read the following sections to learn about the various reasons that cause pain in the back and kidney region.
Pragya T
It is important to treat any kidney related disorders when they are at the developing stage, before these disorders become chronic. However, it is important that you are able to distinguish kidney pain from a back pain problem. If you have back pain which goes away with rest and use of a warm compress, then this is not a kidney-related disorder, but something that has to do with muscles. In kidney-related disorders a person will experience flank pain. However, this pain doesn't go away, and can be accompanied with other symptoms. Hence, understanding the pain symptoms and relating it to the suitable conditions is important, in order to seek appropriate medical help. Here are the various kidney and back pain related disorders, and their symptoms.

Pyelonephritis (Kidney Infection)
This is a type of bacterial infection, which usually occurs due to the spread of bacteria through the urinary tract. The symptoms experienced in this condition are:
  • Back, side and groin pain
  • Frequent urination with urgency
  • Ache or burning while urinating
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Pus and blood in the urine
  • Fever
For this disorder, prescribed antibiotics are to be taken for several weeks. The patient might also be hospitalized, if the patient is severely ill.

Kidney Stones
This is one of the most common disorders related to kidneys. This condition occurs when small or large stones form in the kidney. The back pain is very severe, and a person keeps changing position, or writhes in pain. The location of the pain keeps shifting, sometimes it is felt on the side and sometimes lower back pain is experienced. This is due to the movement of the stone inside the kidney. Here are some symptoms experienced while suffering from this condition:
  • Blood in urine
  • Fever and chills
  • Severe pain leading to nausea and vomiting
  • Urine that looks cloudy or smells bad
  • Burning sensation while urinating
The treatment involves drinking lots of water; and to provide relief from the pain, the doctor can recommend pain relievers. Many times, surgery is used to remove very large stones.

Kidney Cancer
This condition can cause dull aching pain. Kidney cancer or tumor stretches the kidney capsule slowly, which causes the slow dull pain. A person suffering from this condition rarely shows any signs and symptoms in the early stages. However, in the later stages, the person might show the following symptoms:
  • Weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain below the ribs which doesn't go away
  • Intermittent fever
For treatment of kidney cancer, the doctor might perform a nephrectomy, which involves removing the affected kidney by surgery. The treatment might also involve resecting the tumor from the renal tissue.

Polycystic Kidney
It is a hereditary disorder in which there is massive enlargement of the kidneys, which happens over many years. Kidney stones are common in people suffering from this condition. If the cyst bleeds, then it can cause flank pain. A person suffering from this disease has the following symptoms:
  • Abdominal pain or tenderness
  • Blood in the urine
  • Excessive urination during nighttime
  • Flank pain on one or both sides
  • Drowsiness
  • Joint pain
  • Painful menstruation
  • High blood pressure
  • Nail abnormalities
The aim of the treatment, for this condition, is to control the symptoms and prevent any complications. Kidney and back pain treatment includes the use of diuretics, blood pressure medications, and a low-salt diet. If there is any urinary tract infection (UTI), then antibiotics may be prescribed. If you are showing any flank pain symptoms, then consult a doctor and get a diagnosis done as early as possible.