Muscle pain and weakness go hand in hand. Weakness in legs and hands could be a sign of rheumatic conditions, SLE, or musculoskeletal disorders.
Muscle pain can be of various types and can strike in various places. It can involve ligaments, tendons, bones, and organs. Pain is one of the most prominent and major symptom of most muscle and bone-related problems i.e., musculoskeletal disorders like fibromyalgia and degeneration of muscles i.e., polymyositis. The pain resulting from these may vary from being mild to severe and can be either localized or diffusing in nature. The causes can be due to injury by a blow, accident, over exercises, physically demanding work, sore muscles, muscle tension, exertion of muscles, pain due to muscle spasms, etc. Usually pain caused by the factors just mentioned is temporary, but if it lasts long it can be a case of chronic illnesses and rheumatic conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, osteoarthritis, etc.
Muscle pain can be a result of many reactions taking place inside our body. The onset of certain infectious diseases like influenza or lyme disease are very often connected with pain in the muscles. Connective tissue disorders also cause a considerable amount of pain e.g., Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE ). Patients also complain of muscle tenderness. It is often accompanied with symptoms like difficulty in sleeping, fatigue, and headaches. Peripheral neuropathy is also something that results in muscle pain. The nerves fail to exchange information with the brain and nervous system. This not only causes pain, but also contributes to numbness and inability in muscle control. Electrolyte imbalance i.e., imbalance in the electrolytes in blood serum that exist in the blood in the form of acids, bases, and salts also leads to painful and weakened muscles. Examples of electrolytes are bicarbonate, calcium, chlorine, magnesium, potassium, and sodium.
Medical definition of 'weakness' is loss of strength. It is a failure of muscular function in one or more muscles. In the following table weakness is classified into four types viz., metabolic, neurologic i.e., brain related, toxic, and muscle-related weakness.
|Addison's Disease||Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)||Multiple Sclerosis||Botulism||Becker muscular dystrophy|
|Hyperparathyroidism||Bell's palsy||Pinched nerve||Organophosphate poisoning||Dermato myositis|
|Low sodium or potassium||Cerebral plasy||Stroke||Paralytic Shellfish poisoning||Muscular Dystrophy|
|Thyrotoxicosis||Guillain-Barre Syndrome||Myotonic Dystrophy||Ankle pain and Tondinitis|
Other causes of weakness include:
- Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease
- Myasthenia gravis
- Congenital myopathies
- Malignant tumors
- Facial Nerve Problems
- West Nile Virus
- Diabetic Neuropathy
- Sprains and Strains
- Electrolyte imbalances
- Multiple Myeloma
- Hodgkin's Disease
- Nerve impingement
Disclaimer: This HealthHearty article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.