Muscle Weakness in Legs

Marlene Alphonse Apr 29, 2019
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Experiencing sudden and throbbing pain in either leg can mean a lot of things. This is one of the signs of weak muscles in the legs. This disorder can be treated with the help of therapy and also by lifestyle modifications...
Our legs are the supporting pillars of our body. They not only help in locomotion, but also support the entire weight of the body. Like the rest of the body parts, the legs are also richly supplied with blood vessels and muscles, which give the leg its shape. These muscles help in the movement of the legs and also provide anchorage to the bones.
There are times when we may experience cramps or muscle weakness in legs. In some cases, the individual may experience so much weakness that he is unable to stand for a long time. This condition is seen in adults as well as in children.

Causes of Weak Muscles in Legs

Muscle weakness in legs may be caused due to a number of factors, some of which may be minor, whereas some may require immediate medical intervention. Muscle weakness is not concentrated to one part, but can also be noticed in the entire leg.
  • One of the most common reasons why most people complain of muscle weakness is an improper diet. Owing to the fast lifestyle, many people opt for fast food rather than healthy food. Though junk food appeases hunger, it does not satisfy the nutrient requirement of the body. Hence all this may end up in not just weakness in the legs, but the entire body.
  • Another leading cause for weak leg muscles is poor circulation. Improper blood circulation to the legs can be caused due to blocked arteries and broken capillaries in legs. This can deprive the legs of the much-needed nutrients, thereby weakening the muscles.
  • Involuntary muscle twitching in legs, accompanied by a feeling of weakness may be due to overexertion. Prolonged use of muscles without sufficient rest can make them weak and sore, and a condition called muscle fatigue may set in.
  • A hormonal disorder called Addison's disease, as a result of underproduction of aldosterone and cortisone (adrenal gland hormones) can lead to weakened leg muscles.
  • Autoimmune disorders like Grave's disease can weaken the muscles in the legs. It is caused due to an overactive thyroid gland. Muscle twitching in the extremities is one of its symptoms.
  • Another autoimmune disorder which causes the muscles of the legs to become weak and lethargic is Guillain-Barre syndrome. This disorder is caused because the immune system attacks the healthy nerves. Other symptoms of this condition include a feeling of numbness and tingling sensation. If not diagnosed on time, it can result in paralysis.
  • Myositis, a condition which is caused due to inflammation of the muscle fibers is also one of the causes of muscle weakness in the legs. This weakness can radiate towards other parts of the body, making the person feel fatigued and also experience body pain.
  • Other reasons for noticing muscle spasms and twitches, followed by weakness in the legs are multiple myeloma, hemiplegic migraines, multiple sclerosis, restless legs syndrome etc.

Providing Relief from Muscle Weakness

Though experiencing muscle weakness in legs may not always be a cause of grave concern, it is advisable not to put it off as 'something usual'. Better get to the root cause of it now rather than regretting about it later. Consult a doctor if you experience persistent weakness followed by muscle pain, so that exact diagnosis and treatment can be provided. 
Eating foods rich in vitamins and minerals will strengthen the weak muscles. Leg exercises can improve circulation of blood in the legs and prevent the muscles from becoming weak. Ample rest for short intervals will also keep this condition at bay.

Foods that can Relieve Muscle Weakness

It is essential to have a well-balanced diet to combat problems like weakness and other muscle disorders. Adequate amount of nutritional foods in the daily diet, combined with fluids and exercise will help keep this problem at bay. Your diet should include the following foods, in optimal levels.
  • Fruits and vegetables like bananas, plums, potatoes with skin, spinach, rhubarb
  • Oat bran, shredded wheat, long-grain rice (brown and white), wheat germ, lentils and cereals
  • Legumes like pinto beans, red beans, white beans and peas
  • Dairy products which include milk, yogurt, cheese, fortified milk (for vitamin D)
  • Seafood which include salmon, sardines, mackerel
  • Dry fruits like raisins, almonds
  • Other foods that are necessary like prune juice, tomato juice, orange juice
Take proper precautions to prevent the onset of this condition. A proper diet, regular exercise regimen and visiting a health care provider for a routine body analysis will prevent the occurrence of any disorder. Stay healthy!