Night sweats is one such condition where a person sweats profusely while sleeping at night. This is also known as nocturnal hyperhidrosis. It makes a person very uncomfortable as the clothes and bedding often get soaked up completely with sweat. As a result, the night's sleep also gets badly disrupted. There is a misconception that night sweats in men is not a common occurrence. Rather, it is as common as night sweats in women. Even though men in the age group of 30 to 45 are at a higher risk of getting this problem, night sweats in men under 30 cannot be ruled out.
Causes of Night Sweats
➺ When night sweat is causing sleep disturbances, the first thing that needs to be taken into consideration is the bedroom temperature. If the room is warm or you are using too many blankets while sleeping, then it will make you sweat a lot. This is quite normal.
➺ There are some people who have a tendency to sweat excessively all the time. Medically, this kind of excessive sweating is referred to as idiopathic hyperhidrosis. The exact cause behind this is not clearly known.
➺ Certain medicines can trigger severe night sweats. It could be antidepressants, acetaminophen, nitroglycerin, sildenafil drugs (that are used to treat erectile dysfunction and pulmonary arterial hypertension), and so on. Such medicines often interfere with various body chemicals, and cause night sweats.
➺ Certain medical conditions can also be responsible for this problem. Diabetes, tuberculosis, hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid), various types of infections are some of the causes of night sweats.
➺ It can be a symptom of a specific type of cancer called lymphoma. However, in such cases, night sweat is accompanied by many other symptoms.
➺ HIV infected patients also experience night sweats, as the body's ability to fight off various infections decreases over a period of time.
➺ Anxiety, mental stress, and alcohol abuse are the other factors that increase the chances of too much of sweating at night.
➺ Certain neurological disorders (such as autonomic dysreflexia, post-traumatic syringomyelia, stroke, and autonomic neuropathy), hormonal disorders, and hypoglycemia (low blood sugar) can cause excessive sweating at night. Men who are taking insulin or oral anti-diabetic medication may suffer from hypoglycemia at night.
➺ Night sweating can be experienced as a withdrawal symptom, if you are trying to quit alcohol or a drug.
In general, hot flashes in men under 30 is not found. It is usually found in men above the age of 50, when the levels of testosterone hormone start decreasing.
➺ The first step of night sweat treatment is identification of the cause leading to this problem. Doctors have an open discussion with the patients about their medical history and lifestyle. For idiopathic hyperhidrosis, there are several treatment options available.
➺ Anticholinergic oral medicines are very effective for this purpose. However, they cannot be used for a long time because of their side effects.
➺ As the hands, feet, or underarms of these patients sweat a lot, Botox injections are often administered in these areas to block the nerves. Thus the sweat production is stopped.
➺ In serious cases, when surgery is the only option left, the surgeon may cut, scrape, or suction out the sweat glands. He may even cut the local nerves that activate the sweat glands in armpits.
➺ If any serious medical condition is detected, then it has to be cured with proper treatment in order to combat night sweat.
➺ When sweating is caused due to side effects of some medicines, then the doctor either changes the medicines or stops them completely.
➺ Anxiety sweating is controlled either with the help of medicines or by managing stress with some relaxation techniques (for example, aroma therapy, yoga, and meditation). Those suffering from this condition should also limit their intake of alcohol and spicy foods, especially during dinner time.
➺ The bedroom environment should be kept cool. A cold shower before sleeping has been proved to be highly beneficial for many people.
Thus, if night sweats in men under 30 is not caused by a serious medical condition, then it can be prevented with the help of a few suitable measures. If you are experiencing night sweats on a regular basis, you should see a doctor immediately. Examination by a doctor will help rule out the possibility of a serious disease.
Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is solely for educating the reader. It is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a medical expert.