announcement

Update: Check new design of our homepage!

Purine Foods

Purine Foods

A diet that comprises high purine foods is considered to be one of the main reasons for people suffering from an extremely painful medical condition known as gout.
HealthHearty Staff
Last Updated: May 12, 2018
Before going to the segment of purine foods, it would be viable if I brief you on what are purines. These are nucleotide bases which are naturally present in the cells of animals and plants. Their different properties make them essential constituents of life. When these substances are broken down by the body, they give rise to the formation of uric acid. But when too much of these substance undergo the breakdown process, uric acid levels in the blood rise. This in turn leads to the development of a complex form of arthritis known as gout, and other health problems. When there is too much production of uric acid in the body or the kidneys excrete too little of it, the acid starts building up. This build up can take the form of needle-like uric crystals in a joint or surrounding tissues, causing pain, swelling and inflammation. Many studies showed increase incidences of gout in people who were on a high purine diet. This is the reason why purine rich foods and gout are interrelated. This however, is not in the case of foods low in purine.
Foods With Purine
Let's begin this segment with some commonly known foods that are high in purine. According to reports, foods having a measure of 400 mg of purine content (per 100 g) and above are considered to be high in purine. A measure of 100 - 400 mg comes in the moderate list, and low purine foods are those which have a purine content of 100 mg and lower. Here are the lists of all these kinds.
Foods Rich in Purine
Foods Purine Content per 100 g
Pig's lungs 434
Spleen of ox 444
Calf's liver 460
Sardines 480
Edible Boletus mushroom 488
Liver of pig 515
Heart of pig 530
Liver of ox 554
Baker's yeast 680
Spleen of sheep 773
Smoked sprat 804
Brewer's yeast 1810
Theobromine 2300
Foods Low in Purine
Foods Purine Content per 100 g
Cooked rice 5.9
Plain yogurt 7
Cherry, sweet 7.1
Cucumber 7.3
Cottage cheese 8
Tomato 11
Wheat flour 11.5
Chicory 12
Pear 12
Rhubarb 12
Lettuce 13
Onion 13
Radishes 13
Apple 14
Fennel leaves 14
Gooseberry 16
Carrot 17
Currant, red 17
Endive 17
Raspberry 18
Avocado 19
Beet root 19
Kiwi fruit 19
Orange 19
Pineapple 19
Aubergine 21
Peach 21
Strawberry 21
White cabbage 22
Asparagus 23
Brazil nuts 23
Plum 24
Grape 27
Cress 28
Bamboo shoots 29
Celeriac 30
Morel 30
Quince 30
Black elderberry 33
Dried dates 33
French beans 37
Sweet almond 37
Savoy cabbage 37
Hazel nuts 37
Cauliflower 51
Rye 51
Sweet corn 52
Green peppers 52
Black pudding 55
Garbanza bean 56
Banana 57
Mushroom 58
Crayfish 60
Sesame 62
Plum, dried 64
Chives 67
Tofu 68
Brussels sprouts 62
Sesame 69
Apricot 73
Leek 74
Cranberry bean 75
Artichoke 78
Nuts, peanut 79
Tench 80
Salmon 88
Oyster 90
Pea, seed, dry 96
Foods Moderately High In Purine
Foods Purine Content per 100 g
Broiled steak 121
Chicken thigh 126
Roasted lamb 127
Chicken breast 130.7
Squid 135
Tuna 142
Liver of a lamb 147
Red bean 162
Pinto bean 171
Split peas 195
Lentils 222
Black eye peas 230
Shrimp 234
Mackerel 246
Anchovies 321

That would be all for my short treatise on foods with high, low and moderate quantity of purine. Although purine rich foods do contribute in causing conditions such as gout, it must be noted that they are not always harmful until consumed in limited amounts.