Did you know poor physical fitness is one of the most prominent risk factors for back pain?
Pain in the back is one of the most annoying conditions experienced by human beings. It can range from mild and dull pain that lasts for a long time, to excruciating and throbbing pain that comes and goes. Knowing about the exact location, severity and type of pain can help in quick and proper diagnosis of the underlying cause.
Herniated Disc: Herniated disc, also known as ruptured disc or slipped disc, occurs when the disc, placed in between two vertebrae, slips or ruptures. It can occur due to accident, injury or due to aging. Pain caused due to herniated disc origins in the back and runs down the leg. Sciatica is also one an important cause of stabbing pain on one side of the back that runs down in the leg.
Kidney Stone: Kidney stones can be of two types: calcium stones and uric acid stones. They are formed when the amount of calcium or uric acid in the body increases. Having excess of calcium supplements, high protein diet can lead to formation of calcium stones. On the other hand, not drinking enough water or not passing sufficient amount of urine also leads to kidney stone. Apart from backache, pain in lower abdomen, difficulty and pain during urination, etc., are the symptoms of this disease.
Osteoporosis: Osteoporosis is a degenerative disease caused due to decrease in bone mass and density. The exact cause of this disease is unknown; yet it is believed that aging, diet and hormones, play an important role in causing this disease. Osteoporosis is one of the significant causes of stabbing pain in upper back.
Injury: Injury to the back is one of the most common causes of back pain. An injury or trauma due to accident or fall can lead to severe backache. On the other hand, sudden bending, lying down, lifting a heavy object, muscle spasm, sprain of the ligaments in the back can also cause injury to the muscles, resulting in a sharp back pain.
In minor cases, severe backache can be caused due to improper posture while sleeping and sitting. However, the pain caused due to minor reasons lasts for a short time. It can be treated using home remedies like taking rest or using compress. On the other hand, it is essential to consult the doctor in case back pain is accompanied with stiffness leading to lack of mobility, fever, chills, pain in legs, head or abdomen, etc.
X-ray, CT scan and MRI are the methods used to diagnose the cause of back pain. At the same time, if the person clearly and precisely explains the nature, location and severity of pain, the doctor can diagnose the cause quickly. In some cases, medications, painkillers are effective; whereas, in severe cases, a surgery may even be required.
Kidney stone can be treated with the help of medications (if the stone is small in size) or surgery (if the stone is large). Osteoporosis can be treated with medications, physical therapy and hormone therapy. Herniated disc is also treated using either medication, physical therapy or surgery.
On the other hand, there are several other methods like exercise, physical therapy, acupuncture and acupressure that are equally helpful in providing relief. But, these methods usually help in treating pain caused due to minor causes.
It is recommended to consult the doctor and get the underlying cause diagnosed before opting for these methods. At the same time, any medication, painkiller, etc., should be taken only after consulting the doctor.
As preventive measures, you should follow a healthy lifestyle, and exercise regularly to increase the flexibility of muscles. Secondly, you should also maintain proper posture while sitting, sleeping or walking to prevent injury, sprain, and pain in future. Take care!
Disclaimer: Note that the above mentioned information is meant only for educational purposes; and should not be substituted for medical consultation and treatment.