Swollen Eyelid Treatment

Swollen Eyelid Treatment
Swollen eyelid is a condition which not only affects the vision but also makes washing the face troublesome. In this article, we have identified its possible causes and provided information about the suitable treatment options for each of them.
HealthHearty Staff
Last Updated: Mar 23, 2018
Swollen Eyelid
Swollen eyelid can be described as puffiness in the upper and lower eyelids. It could be painful or absolutely painless. Various forms of infections are the most common triggers of swelling.

Usually, swelling occurs in both the eyelids, but sometimes, only one may swell up. Swelling is often accompanied by redness of eyes, discharge from the corner of the eye, itching sensation, scaly patches on the eyelids, pain, etc.
Children often get such infections as they tend to touch or rub their eyes with unclean hands. If the eyelid does not have any pain, it can be due to an allergic reaction which has blocked the oil glands present in the eyelid.

A painful swollen eyelid is a symptom of several eye problems such as conjunctivitis, blepharitis, stye, orbital cellulitis, and chalazion. The swelling can be reduced with or without medicines.
Here, we have discussed treatment options for different underlying conditions:
Blepharitis:
This occurs mostly because of a bacterial attack in the oil glands present near the eyelashes. Another cause of blepharitis is allergic reaction towards cosmetics. This happens either because your skin is allergic towards certain ingredients of the eye makeup or you have slept overnight without removing the makeup.

Its other identifiable symptoms are irritation and formation of scales on the eyelids. It does not cause any harm to the eyes but the inflammation lasts for weeks or even months and also tends to recur time and again.
Usually, it does not require any medicinal treatment. A warm compression with damp cloth will keep the eyelids clean and reduce its inflammation. If the swelling aggravates with time, you should consult a doctor who may prescribe an antibiotic ointment for topical application.
Stye:
This is another form of infection at the base of the eyelash due to which the eyelid gets swollen and a red, pimple-like bump forms on it. Stye is not a very serious problem.
Here too, warm compression with a clean, damp cloth dipped in warm water serves as an excellent remedy. The heat breaks the stye and the accumulated pus is drained out. After that, the swelling subsides on its own.

If you can identify the eyelash where the stye has formed, then removal of that eyelash with a pair of tweezers will discharge the pus and the stye would heal up fast. However, make sure you do not put any pressure on the stye to squeeze it out.
Conjunctivitis or Pink Eye:
Swelling along with twitch are the common signs of conjunctivitis. It results from an infection which is either caused by virus or bacteria.
It should be treated by the doctors only. They first identify the infection causing virus or bacteria and then start the treatment. They prescribe antibiotic eye drops to fight off the bacterial infection.

It is accompanied by artificial tears which can provide relief from the discomfort in the eyes. They also advise cold compression after regular intervals. If a viral conjunctivitis turns severe, steroid eye drops have to be administered to bring down the inflammation.
Lice:
Presence of lice at the root of the eyelash can also cause this condition . This problem is common in small children. You can see the movements of louse near the base of the eyelash of your child.
Do not use any anti-lice product as they are harmful for the eyes. Rather, apply some petroleum jelly or any non-medicated ointment to suffocate the lice and the eggs.
Sunburn:
When you go out in the sun, you should apply some sunscreen on your eyelids too. If you fail to do so, the eyelids may swell up from sunburn.
Cold compression gives a soothing relief from this problem. Soak two cotton pads in ice-cold water and place them on the eyes for around 10 minutes. Alternately, take two slices of chilled cucumber and put them on the closed eyes for ten minutes. If you do not find any improvement after the cold treatment, then consult your doctor immediately. Use sunglasses for the time being, to avoid further infection.
Other Causes:
Inflamed eyelid after a cataract surgery is a serious issue as it can be a sign of some post surgery complications and should be treated by the doctors as soon as possible. One can get swollen eyelids after wearing contact lenses that are not cleaned properly. You may also observe minor swelling in the eyelids after crying or swimming or due to insect bites.
Post surgery complications should be treated by the doctor as soon as possible. Those who wear contacts should always keep their lenses clean. In all other cases, the common treatment is either warm or cold compression.
As you can see, most of the underlying causes are not very serious ones and can be treated at home. If you are prone to this eyelid problem, then proper eye care is a must. Never touch the eyes with dirty hands and thus you can prevent the infections to some extent. You should also take some precautionary measures if you apply eye makeup. Like, apply makeup only at the outer edge, do not share your cosmetics with others and most importantly, remove makeup before you are retiring for the day.
Disclaimer: This article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.