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Symptoms of a Spastic Colon

Symptoms of a Spastic Colon

Spastic colon is also clinically referred to as irritable bowel syndrome. In this article, you will learn about the symptoms of a spastic colon.
Gaynor Borade
Last Updated: Apr 22, 2018
The human anatomy runs on seven major inter-related human body systems: the respiratory system, digestive system, nervous system, circulatory system, immune system, glandular system, and the overall structural system. The colon is part of the digestive system. It is the last part in the system and plays a vital role in the excretion of solid waste. It comprises four sections: ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid.
When this part of the digestive system gets infected, the damage to the cells manifests in the presence of a lot of discomfort and a change in otherwise regular bowel movements. Spastic colon is characteristic of a bowel disorder accompanied by severe pain in the abdomen and sudden change in bowel habits. The paragraphs below will give you the symptoms of a spastic colon.
Symptoms
Infection within the colon causes erratic bowel movements. The main signs include:
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Abdominal pain and discomfort
  • Urgency of bowel movement
  • Abdominal distention
  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Headache
  • Lower back pain
The above mentioned signs and symptoms are physical manifestations. In the case of spastic colon, a lot of physiological symptoms like post-infectious stress also manifest. There are also a number of related infections that set in such as coeliac disease, giardiasis, and various inflammatory bowel diseases. Patients have also recorded gut flora abnormalities and those within the immune system. The subsequent developments lead to acute pain and fatigue.
Alternating stool patterns, fever, and vomiting add to the discomfort and stress. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is diagnosed only on the use of a dedicated diagnostic algorithm, like Manning Criteria and Kruis Criteria. There is a 'red flag' list of symptoms developed for quicker diagnosis of the condition. Physicians chart the chosen algorithm to focus on weight loss, anemia and related nocturnal symptoms. Research reveals that there are certain comorbidities that commonly manifest to highlight spastic colon. These include headache, depression, fibromyalgia, related low-grade inflammation of the surrounding region, and/or interstitial cystitis.
The main trigger factor for the condition is believed to be untreated or neglected gastrointestinal infection. Dysfunctional brain-gut axis is another cause for the onslaught of this painful condition. Biochemical changes such as high serotonin in-vitro, increased cellular involvement in cytokine Interleukin 1 Beta production, elevated cytokines Tumor necrosis factor-alpha, Interleukin 1 and 6, increased protease and protozoan Blastocystis antibodies also trigger the condition.
Spastic colon gives rise to a number of co-related immune responses. Some of them include:
Coeliac disease
This disease is an allergic, immune response to Gliadin protein. The condition is a trigger of spastic colon and manifests in the form of diarrhea and celiac sprue.
Blastocystis
This is a term used to refer to a single-cell microorganism, the presence of which causes abdominal pain, diarrhea, and constipation.
Dientamoeba fragilis
This is also a single-cell microorganism that displays its presence with diarrhea and severe pain in the abdomen.
If neglected, this disorder could take the ugly form of colitis, and even cancer. Dietary modifications to include soluble fiber helps a lot to ease the painful signs. Laxatives, antidiarrheals, and colon cleanse products are also prescribed for treatment. Antispasmodic drugs, serotonin and serotonin antagonists, and opioids are also commonly recommended. Alternative remedies, such as relaxation therapy, use of probiotics, iberogast, peppermint oil, homemade colon cleanse, and even acupuncture help in reducing the discomfort associated with the condition.
The symptoms of spastic colon are common to a number of infections within the excretory system that is a vital component of the digestive tract. This makes it very difficult for accurate diagnosis in the very first attempt. Nevertheless, it is very important to pursue ongoing diagnosis and prescribed remedies to treat the physical manifestation of this condition.
Disclaimer: This HealthHearty article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.