Abdominal adhesion refers to the formation of bands of fibrous scar tissues between the organs and tissues of the abdomen. These scar tissues cause the abdominal organs (which normally remain separated) to stick to the walls of the abdominal cavity, or to each other.
The causes, symptoms, and treatment options for the condition have been described in the following text.
The most common cause of this condition is abdominal surgeries, especially those involving the lower abdomen and pelvis. The surgery-associated factors, which can trigger such scar tissue formation, include handling of internal organs, tissue contact with foreign materials like gauze, surgical gloves, etc., and unattended blood clots. Tissue incisions and drying out of the organs and tissues, may also lead to abdominal adhesions.
Other causes include ailments like abdominal infections, appendicitis, gynecological infections, and radiation therapy. In rare episodes, the condition may be idiopathic, which means, it may arise without having any apparent cause.
The abnormal sticking together of the abdominal tissues may lead to severe abdominal pain and/or cramps, accompanied with bloating and vomiting. Audible bowel sounds, and swelling of the abdominal area, for no reason, may also sound an alarm. Inability to pass gas, and bouts of constipation, although may be caused by other conditions, when occur along with the symptoms mentioned above, may be a sure indication of an abdominal adhesion.
Fortunately most cases do not involve any serious concerns, and may not require any specific treatment. Complications such as intestinal obstruction, or altered fertility, can be treated and managed with the aid of surgical procedures. However, doctors try their best to avoid surgical procedures, as they harbor the risk of additional adhesions. In case of partial intestinal obstruction, following a liquid, low-residue diet may be recommended, rather than surgery.
Techniques like abdominal massage (for dislodging adhesions), as well as acupressure and acupuncture (for alleviating pain), may provide appreciable amount of help in relieving the symptoms. However, it is mandatory to seek professional consultation before resorting to these techniques.
Individuals who have been operated for any abdominal ailment, can massage the operated area with essential oils. This can minimize the formation of adhesions, by ensuring proper blood circulation in the operated area. Adhesions cannot be prevented, however, the risk can be minimized. For example, a laparoscopic surgery is better than the traditional one, as it runs less risk of giving rise to a post-surgery adhesion of tissues. It always advisable to weigh the pros and cons of undergoing an abdominal surgery, as applicable in your case, after discussion with the appropriate medical professional.
Disclaimer: This HealthHearty article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice.