During recovery period, vigilance by the doctors, hospitals, and the affected person’s family members is highly essential. After the surgery, when he/she is sent home, it is extremely important to take precautions for a speedy recovery. This article stresses on care measures that must be taken post surgery.
Abdominal surgery, as stated by medical experts is a surgical operation that is performed on the organs that constitute the abdomen. The surgery may be focused on any of these organs like stomach, gallbladder, small intestine, large intestine, liver, pancreas, etc. It is required in cases of infection, appendicitis, tumors, or inflammatory bowel diseases like irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
The two types of abdominal surgeries that are widely performed are the open incision and the laparoscopic surgery. Generally, the affected people are expected to stay in the hospital for 4 to 5 days after the surgery. During this period, the nursing of the affected person plays a significant role in helping him/her to a speedy recovery after it. The nurse will help to change the affected person’s position in bed. He/she would be expected to change his/her position from lying on the back to the side at an interval of two hours. After one has gained sufficient strength, he/she can carry out this process without any assistance. The nurse will help him/her to take short walks. With the help of the nurse, one would be expected to do some simple exercises, as advised by the expert.
After it is time to get a discharge, one has to plan out the entire procedure to get back home as any carelessness can cause damage to the healing surgery. Firstly, one should ask their family members or friends to arrange a car so that he/she can comfortably go home. Use pillows and seat belts to prevent any jerk or shock. One should be assisted by their care takers so that in case of an emergency, one can reach out to them.
At home, one should ensure that their family members have located him/her to a room that is not cluttered and is comfortable. The bed should be especially comfortable so that one does not have any discomfort while sleeping or taking rest. Make sure that there is an attached washroom and all the basic necessities like water and low-residue food are arranged in the room. If one doesn’t feel very comfortable being alone, request any of the family members to be there, so that one can seek out help, in case he/she needs it.
No medical surgery comes without any side effects, and one should be prepared to handle certain inadequacies that may come up during the recovery period. Here are some possible complications that one may face.
- Weakness and Exhaustion: These are normal, one should not panic thinking about them. Initially, one may feel tired, sleepy, and weak, however, he/she can be assured that things will return to normal.
- Incision Pain: The abdominal incision may cause pain in the initial days and it may be varying in intensity, as he/she carries out some small activity. The pain generally subsides with time.
- Discharge of Fluid: Flowing of yellow or reddish yellow colored fluid from the incision is a sign of infection, if it persists for a longer period of time (weeks after the surgery), then one needs to contact the medical expert.
- Dehydration: This is a common occurrence after the surgery. The affected people are advised to drink plenty of water to avoid any problem of dehydration.
- Urinary Catheter: For some, if the urinary catheter that was used during surgery has been removed now, it is normal to experience some discomfort while urinating and this may last for some days.
- Abdominal Pain: A common problem that can be avoided by taking frequent short walks, changing positions, and eating small meals at short intervals.
The recovery time depends on various factors, one can’t exactly predict the complete recovery time of the affected person. For some, it may take a month and for some it may take more time to heal, it all depends on how an individual responds to the surgery. Always ensure that the legal papers, health insurance claims, and other benefits are available so that one can seek financial help.
Disclaimer: This HealthHearty article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.