Gastritis is a disorder of the stomach that can give rise to severe symptoms like vomiting, indigestion, etc. Presented below is detailed information on gastritis.
Gastritis is a condition that arises when the inner lining of the stomach gets inflamed. It can be of two types: acute and chronic. Sudden inflammation of the stomach leads to acute gastritis. Whereas, chronic gastritis is a condition that develops over a period. Acute cases of gastritis can be erosive (which leads to wearing of the stomach lining) or non-erosive type.
Causes of Acute Gastritis
Infection due to bacteria, virus or protozoa is the most common and prominent cause of acute gastritis. Bacteria like the Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), or virus such as the Herpes simplex virus, etc. commonly cause acute type of gastritis. Secondly, stress, alcohol consumption, eating corrosive foodstuffs, intake of medication like the anti-inflammatory drugs, etc. also lead to this condition. On the other hand, surgery, injury or trauma can also result in this condition. People suffering from kidney failure, liver failure or respiratory failure are prone to suffer from this condition.
Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms of gastritis of the acute type are similar to the other diseases and disorders associated with the gastrointestinal tract. Burning sensation or pain in the upper abdomen is one of the most prominent identifying signs of this condition.
- Dark stools
- Loss of appetite
- Vomiting blood
Although, most of the above mentioned symptoms are commonly found in many gastrointestinal disorders, it is difficult to relate them to these condition. However, if one vomits blood or observes blood in stools, one should consult the doctor immediately. If left untreated, acute gastritis can lead to gastric ulcer. In rare cases, severe blood loss is one of the complications that can result if the condition is not diagnosed early. Therefore, it is essential to look for medical treatment immediately.
The doctor will do a thorough physical examination, advise complete blood count (CBC) test, X-ray or even MRI in order to diagnose the condition. The patient should also inform the doctor about intake of foodstuffs, alcohol, anti-inflammatory drugs, etc. Acute gastritis treatment includes use of medications like antacids and proton pump inhibitors. Antacids are available in the form of tablets as well as syrups. If the condition is caused due to bacterial infection, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics to get rid of the bacteria. On the other hand, the doctor will also prescribe medications to treat the symptoms.
Along with the traditional treatment method, one also needs to follow the gastritis diet for faster recovery. The diet should also be followed for 2-3 weeks after complete recovery of this disease, for long-lasting relief. Deep-fried, fatty, processed, acidic foods, tomato and tomato based foods, caffeine containing drinks, milk and milk products, hot and spicy foods, etc. are some of the foods to avoid in the gastritis diet. One should also keep away from fried meats, cheese, oils, etc.
Although, the recovery time may vary according to the cause and severity of the condition; following the proper treatment and diet is a must for quick relief. You should consult the doctor before following this diet plan.
One should note that this condition can be prevented by following a balanced diet, healthy lifestyle and abstinence from alcohol. Take care!