Autopsy is the procedure that is performed to determine the cause of death. The following HealthHearty write-up provides some facts about this procedure.
The term ‘autopsy’ is derived from the Greek word autopsia, which means, ‘see for yourself’. It is the process of dissecting a dead human body to find out the cause of death. It is also known as post-mortem, necropsy, or obduction. This procedure was even performed in earlier times when the Greek physicians dissected bodies so that they could understand what the human body is composed of. This medical procedure has helped doctors unlock the mysteries about the human body. It involves the dissection of the corpse, after which it is examined exhaustively so that the reason or reasons that led to the death of the individual can be determined.
Facts about Autopsy
- This procedure has made a great difference in the investigation of crime. Even medical students benefit from this procedure, as it helps them learn more about the intricate human body.
- This procedure is performed by pathologists. Pathologists are specialists in the diagnosis of human disease.
- The examination is done by surgically dissecting the human body and by removing the essential and non-essential organs of its body.
- Autopsy is usually done within forty-eight hours of the death of the person.
- Forensic and clinical autopsy are the types that differ on the basis of reason for which the procedure is being carried out. The former is primarily done if the death is not normal and there is a suspicion of crime. The latter is performed in hospitals for academic purposes.
- When the corpse is taken to the examination hall, the first thing that is done is the identification of the deceased.
- After the identification, various incisions are made on the body and any abnormality that is found is recorded and taken into consideration.
- Some of the instruments that are used in the process include skull chisel, enterotome, rib cutters, surgical needle, scalpel, bone saw, toothed forceps, and vibrating saw.
Once the procedure is over, the body is restored back to normal.