Bacitracin ophthalmic ointment is prescribed to prevent or treat bacterial infection in the eyes. The following article discusses the application method, precautions, and considerations while using this antibiotic ointment.
Our eyes remain susceptible to various bacterial infections. One of the effective antibiotic formulations to deal with such infections is the Bacitracin ophthalmic ointment. It is helpful in treating external eye infections, by curbing the bacterial growth, and preventing it from spreading further. The active ingredients include certain polypeptides obtained from bacteria called Bacillus subtilis. These polypeptides interfere with the process of cell wall synthesis in bacterial cells, thereby inhibiting their growth.
The following description will help to understand how to use this ointment, what precautions must be followed while using it, and the possible side effects of this medication.
How to Apply
It is imperative that the recommended instructions are followed while using this antibiotic. Here are some steps that must be followed:
- Most eye infections happen to be contagious, and can worsen easily in the absence of good hygiene. Hence, first wash your hands with antibacterial soap, and pat them dry. Then pull your lower eyelid down, using your index finger, and squeeze some ointment into the eye. Keep your eye closed for about 1-2 minutes. Do not forget to wash your hands again after the application of the ointment.
- It is advisable to avoid touching the tip of the tube with your hands, as well as to avoid contact between the tip and the eyes to prevent contamination of the tip. Wipe the tip using a clean tissue, before and after application of the ointment.
- Experts say that the medicine works well when used at a fixed time everyday.
The common side effects which may occur after using this topical medicine include:
- Blurred vision of a low degree
- Skin rash
- Swollen mouth, lips and tongue
- Facial swelling
- Swelling and redness of eyelids
- Eye pain
Considerations and Precautions
Expecting and nursing mothers must inform their healthcare provider before using the ointment. Also, other prescription and non-prescription medications may interact with Bacitracin, giving rise to an adverse reaction. In case the patient has some kind of allergy from foods, medicines or other substances, he/she must consult an appropriate professional before using the ointment. It is important that the full course of treatment be followed, otherwise, the infection may get resistant to the medicine, and more difficult to treat. Even if the medicine works for the first time, you must always consult a doctor before using it again.
This medicine is highly toxic, and that is why it is used topically, and not orally. In case of accidental ingestion medical help must be sought. In some cases, it is inhaled directly into the lungs, and there are extremely rare instances when it is given in the form of injection shots.
This antibiotic is also available as Bacitracin zinc salt, which is used along with other topical antibiotics to treat conditions of localized skin and wound infections. Most people use it to prevent infections after tattooing their skin.
Note: Bacitracin ophthalmic ointment is not meant for over-the-counter purchase, and must be used only after consulting an appropriate medical professional.
Disclaimer: This HealthHearty article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice.