If you are suffering from an upset stomach, then you should try the BRAT diet, which includes foods that do not cause irritation to the stomach. In this article, we give you the ingredients of the diet, along with foods that you should avoid when suffering from diarrhea.
An upset stomach or gastrointestinal distress is one such health problem that make us suffer a lot. It is mostly accompanied by heartburn, nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea. As a result, you do not feel like eating anything. Moreover, doctors advise not to eat solid foods for some time as the body will not be able to digest them. On the other hand, only fluid intake cannot provide us with the required nutrients. For this reason, traditionally, the BRAT diet is recommended till the patient is able to digest normal solid foods.
Composition of a BRAT Diet
It is the food components of the BRAT diet that make up the acronym, the foods being Banana, Rice, Applesauce, and Toast. This diet does not have any oil content which makes it extremely stomach-friendly. The foods of a BRAT diet have low fiber content which acts as binders and cause a little bit of constipation which helps to make the stomach firm. Moreover, the nutritional value of these foods help to replenish the nutrients that are lost because of diarrhea. Thus, it helps to recover from the problem of diarrhea naturally. The importance of each of the foods have been explained below.
There are several advantages of eating this fruit when you have an upset tummy. It helps in neutralization of the stomach acids and reduces diarrhea symptoms. Banana is a bland fruit and has a soothing effect on an irritated stomach. It supplies sufficient potassium to the body and makes up for the potassium which is lost due to vomiting. A normal potassium level in the body helps in maintaining the blood pressure. As it is easily digestible, it is recommended for infants and toddlers as well.
An upset stomach can tolerate boiled rice very well, and does not cause nausea after eating. It can fill the stomach. It also prevents gas buildup. It is not just easily digestible, but also a good source of carbohydrate and protein that provide instant energy to the body.
This is rich source of sugar and vitamins. Sugar provides energy and the vitamins play a crucial role in the normal functioning of the body. The creamy consistency of the applesauce makes it an easy-to-eat food. It can be digested easily as well and has a soothing effect on the throat, which tends to become dry due to an upset stomach.
Dry toast helps the stomach to settle down, as it contains enough calories that help regain strength. Children will like it if the toast is served with a little bit of jelly on it.
Food to be Avoided During BRAT Diet
There are certain food items which should be avoided when you are suffering from stomach upset and are on a BRAT diet. Sugary drinks, dairy products, and fatty food can trigger the nausea and diarrhea and worsen the condition further. Raw vegetables, like carrots, cabbages, cucumbers, citrus fruits and juices are also not suitable for a tender stomach. Caffeinated beverages have laxative properties, and hence one should stay away from them.
A BRAT diet should be followed only for a brief period of time as it does not contain the essential nutrients necessary for nourishment of our body. If continued for long, it can lead to undernourishment.