A prostate infection is a common medical problem experienced by men, and causes a lot of inconvenience. However, it is not a life-threatening disease, if treated on time. Go through this article to know more about the various types of prostate infections, and their respective causes.
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) like gonorrhea or chlamydia might be one of the causes of prostate infections, and they mainly affect men under 40, who are sexually more active.
Prostate infection or prostatitis is the infection of the prostate gland that usually leads to inflammation and pain. Generally, the infection is caused by bacteria that reside in the large intestine. Many a time, an infection in other parts of the body like the urinary bladder and the urethra may also spread to the prostate gland, which is located just below the bladder, and this in turn leads to prostatitis.
There are four types of prostate infections — acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, chronic nonbacterial prostatitis or chronic pelvic pain syndrome, and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis.
Acute Bacterial Prostatitis
Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis
Chronic Nonbacterial Prostatitis
Asymptomatic Inflammatory Prostatitis
Prostate infections are usually diagnosed by a physical examination of the organ, as an enlarged and firm or tender prostate can indicate a possible case of infection. Urine analysis, blood culture, ultrasound, CT scan and MRI are carried out to confirm the diagnosis. Besides these, there are several other tests which involve the examination of urine samples collected before and after a prostatic massage. These conditions are mainly treated with antibiotics. However, they are not effective in curing the non-bacterial type of prostatitis, and therefore, treatment is mainly individual-specific.
In addition to the treatment, it is very important to drink plenty of water, avoid certain strenuous activities like horse riding, cycling, biking and jogging, to prevent any further occurrence of this condition, and also to maintain prostate health.
Disclaimer: This article is for informational purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for professional medical advice.