This article will provide you with information on some common eye problems in infants, children and adults. Eyes are very sensitive parts of our body and need special attention and care. Even the slightest harm to these organs can conduce to major changes in our lives.
The eye is a very sensitive part of the body, which when infected or hurt disrupts routine life in a major way. With sore and aching eyes, it is not possible to carry out one’s daily activities. Moreover, they are very important parts of our body, because vision is something that cannot be compromised upon. Most of us encounter some or the other eye problem once in a while. Some of the common eye problems in adults and children are irritation, reddening of the eye, eye twitching, itching, puffy eyes, etc. Sometimes these symptoms may disappear in a day or two and may not imply something more serious. However, sometimes the condition may be deleterious.
Eye stye is a condition in which the hair follicle of an eyelash gets inflamed. The blocking of the gland of the hair follicle by dirt and bacteria is what conduces to eye stye. However, the primary eye stye cause is bacteria. The gland then swells, becomes red and looks more like a pimple on the eyelid. These styes can occur on the inside, as well as the outer region of the eyelid. Various ointments and over-the-counter medications are available to provide relief from this condition. Then there are also several eye stye home remedies that one can use for eye stye treatment.
Color vision deficiency or color blindness is a condition in which people find it difficult to differentiate or distinguish between different shades of colors. Color blindness is more commonly seen in men than in women. It can be partial or total color blindness. Partial color blindness symptoms would be inability to distinguish between shades of red and green or yellow and blue. In total color blindness people cannot see any colors other than white, black and gray. Genetic defect, cataract, Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, leukemia, etc. are some causes of this condition. Unfortunately, till today, no effective color blindness treatment has been found.
Corneal Abrasion (Scratched Cornea)
When the transparent corneal layer is scratched by a foreign particle like dust, smoke, leaf particle, then the condition is known as scratched cornea. Eye sensitivity to light, blurred vision, swelling of the eye, constant tearing, etc. are the different scratched cornea symptoms. Scratched cornea does not take long to heal, when treated with medication. However, besides taking the scratched cornea treatment, one needs to also refrain from straining the eyes for complete healing.
Pink Eye (Conjunctivitis)
Conjunctivitis or pink eye is an eye infection in which the conjunctiva of the eye gets infected, causing a pinkish or reddish appearance on the white portion of the eye. Bacterial or viral infections are the two main causes. Different discomforting symptoms such as itching, burning, swelling of the eyes, etc. can make one feel really miserable. There is no medication for treatment of pink eye caused by a viral infection. The infection will get resolved on its own in 2-3 weeks. For pink eye caused by bacteria, various home remedies are seen to work.
Some other common eye problems are:
- Allergic Conjunctivitis
- Retinopathy of Prematurity
- Periorbital cellulitis
- Strabismus(Crossed Eyes)
- Subconjunctival hemorrhages
- Ptosis (droopy eyelids)
- Dry Eyes
- Bloodshot eyes
- Eye twitching
- Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)
- Hyperopia (Farsightedness)
- Myopia (Nearsightedness)
- Eye Floaters
- Contact lens solution toxicity
These were some of the common eye problems affecting people across the globe. There are several other eye problems that can affect the eyes, which is why maintaining proper eye care is very important.