The average age of an individual suffering from heart disorders and congestive heart failure is going lower and lower. There are several reasons for this, and a greater number of people are being diagnosed with this disorder with every passing year.
Heart disorders are becoming very common today, thanks to the unhealthy lifestyles that people lead. Improper sleep cycles, uncontrollable diets, lack of exercise, and an indulgence in alcohol and several recreational drugs, combine together and disrupt the delicate balance inside the human body. And the organ that suffers the most damage is the human heart, due to its regulative nature. The function of the heart is to pump out oxygen-rich and pure blood to the entire body, so if the heart is not functioning properly, no other body part will.
The nature of this ailment is such that no predictions can be made. Every individual is unique in this regard, so various indulgences affect him in different ways. Hence, it becomes very difficult for a medical expert to accurately gauge its exact cause in someone, and it is also impossible to predict how long he will be able to survive if the condition is at an advanced stage.
Diagnosis of Congestive Heart Failure
CGF is basically a collection of several diseases and disorders that affect the heart negatively. Some disorders weaken the muscles in and around the heart, and this leads to weakening of the pumping of blood. Some disorders lead various body tissues to demand more oxygen than the heart can provide, and some disorders lead to the inability of the heart to flush out impurities from the blood itself. Either way, it is very complicated due to these reasons, but there are many preventive actions that can and must be taken.
In order to diagnose this disorder in an individual, a doctor has to analyze the patients entire life history, medical history and habits of daily living. Several lab tests will also need to be conducted in order to ascertain the exact health of the individual, and how serious the heart condition really is. A person who has suffered from heart attacks in the past, or suffers from diabetes, or consumes alcohol in large amounts, or eats junk food a lot, or has a history of hypertension, will almost certainly be culpable to congestive heart failure. The various tests that will need to be undertaken will involve studying the accumulation of fluid in the body, carrying out a BNP (Brain Natriuretic Peptide) level test, an angiography, heart catheterization, a biopsy of the heart tissues, chest X-rays, and several ECG (electrocardiogram) tests. A careful analysis of all these results and the lifestyle of the patient will paint out a clearer picture for the doctor to diagnose it.
Heart Failure Symptoms
When a patient is diagnosed with this condition, there are three things that run through his mind. The first and foremost is the life expectancy. The other two aspects are the symptoms of the disorder, and the means to prevent it. The symptoms differ from person to person, but the most commonly seen symptoms are as follows.
- Increased fatigue and exhaustion, and the inability to carry out simple tasks without feeling excessively tired.
- Excessive swelling in the legs and the feet, which is caused due to the accumulation of fluid. This is a condition known as Edema.
- Difficulty in breathing, and gasping for air when lying down.
- Excessive urination, loss of appetite, nausea, and an inability to sleep, accompanied by severe chest pains.
These were some of the common symptoms of this condition. But there are several more symptoms that could arise in some scenarios as well. Preventing CHF is something that needs to be handled by taking responsibility and avoiding all the vices and indulgences that may tempt you. Exercising regularly, sleeping on time, and eating healthy food, is also vital in order to aid the prevention process. This is especially applicable for people who have a family history of heart problems. Improving one’s lifestyle is the only way to avoid heart complications in the future. In extreme cases, a heart transplant operation may also be required, and this is bound to change the patient’s life irrevocably.
If you have been diagnosed with congestive heart failure, or you know someone who has, immediate steps need to be taken to rectify the situation. The patient must follow a very healthy lifestyle, and should refrain from consuming anything that may cause further damage. This is easier said than done, but unfortunately, it is the only way out.