Elevated alkaline phosphatase levels may be the result of liver diseases, poor bone health, or deficiency of vitamin D. The increased levels of this enzyme can be lowered by an appropriate treatment of the underlying disorder, along with certain dietary changes and lifestyle modifications.
There are certain kinds of enzymes without which the body fails to perform its healthy and natural functions. Alkaline phosphatase is one such set of enzymes that play a vital role in the process of dephosphorylation. The process of dephosphorylation is defined as the removal of phosphates from macromolecules like proteins, alkaloids, and nucleotides. Alkaline phosphatases (ALP) are a type of hydrolytic enzymes that are present in the liver, kidneys, bones, and placenta. They are highly effective under alkaline conditions (pH of less than 8), and hence they are also called basic phosphatases.
Normal levels of these are extremely crucial for the healthy functioning of various body parts. There are a few medical conditions that may cause elevation or reduction in the normal levels of alkaline phosphatase. Any kind of fluctuation in the normal levels could create a serious health condition and hence, timely diagnosis and proper treatment is extremely crucial in such scenarios.
How to Lower Elevated Alkaline Phosphatase Levels
In adults, 25-100 U/L (units per liter) are normal ALP levels, while in children, it should be less than 350 U/L. As far as high alkaline level is concerned, keep in mind that it is caused due to various health problems that are associated with the healthy functioning of bones, liver, or kidneys. No matter what the reason, treatment of elevated levels of alkaline phosphatase is crucial. Continue reading the following section of this HealthHearty article, to learn about various treatment options that are useful for controlling the levels of ALP.
When a person is diagnosed with elevated levels of alkaline phosphatase, the cause behind the increase is identified. Following this, medication forms are prescribed on the basis of the underlying health condition. Most commonly, vitamin D deficiency, bone disorders, liver diseases, and certain medication forms are responsible for the elevated ALP levels.
Controlling the underlying disease with proper medication is the best solution for reducing the elevated ALP levels. The doctor may also advise avoiding or reducing the intake of various over-the-counter medication forms like birth control pills, anti-inflammatory medication, narcotic drugs, hormonal drugs, steroids, antidepressants, hypertension medication, etc.
Certain foods help in bringing about low alkaline phosphatase levels. Controlling the intake and portions of the foods that increase the levels of these enzymes has proven beneficial for the overall control of ALP levels. One should increase the intake of foods rich in vitamin D and copper. The dietary inadequacy of these nutrients has been associated with elevated levels of serum alkaline phosphatase.
In contrast, foods rich in zinc should be avoided since zinc is an important structural component of this metalloprotein. You may also need to control the intake of vitamin B12 rich foods. However, consult your health care provider before making any dietary changes. Given below is a list of foods to be included as well as those to be avoided, in order to lower the levels of alkaline phosphatase in blood.
Foods to Include
- Cod liver oil
- Shiitake mushrooms
Foods to Avoid
- Corn oil
- Coconut oil
- Carbonated beverages
Since most health conditions are brought on as a result of poor lifestyle, a healthy lifestyle is the key to control the severity and progression of such diseases. In case of diseases like diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and various bone diseases, having appropriate physical activities or exercises is very crucial. According to medical experts, people who are suffering from high alkaline phosphatase levels, should adopt a suitable exercise routine to increase the fitness levels and at the same time, control disease progression.
Another thing which is said to be very crucial for patients with high ALP is exposure to direct sunlight, because it is the best source of vitamin D. Hence, strolling in the morning sunlight and consuming vitamin D supplements with a doctor’s approval are the two best things that one may undertake. In order to activate the process of vitamin D synthesis, one must stay in the sunlight for at least 20 minutes. However, it is essential to consult the concerned doctor, and follow his instructions and tips for healthy living.
Elevated levels of alkaline phosphatase in blood may be an indication of disorders which demand immediate attention. Lowering the levels of alkaline phosphatase is possible through the right combination of appropriate medication, dietary changes, and constant medical follow-up.
Disclaimer: This article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a substitute for professional medical advice.