The prostate gland which is an important part of the male reproductive system is found beneath the bladder and has the function of producing the seminal fluid that combines with the sperms to make semen. Also, the urethra, a tube like structure which is responsible for passing urine to the penis also goes through the prostate gland. When this gland gets infected, the person is said to have inflamed prostate, also known as prostatitis. Let us take a look at the causes, symptoms and treatment for curing prostatitis.
Though it is said that men above the age of 40 are more at risk when it comes to prostatitis, it does not mean that men below this age cannot suffer from this problem. The cause of prostatitis can be attributed to two reasons which are bacterial infection and non-bacterial infection.
Prostatitis caused due to bacterial infection can be further divided into two types which are acute bacterial prostatitis and chronic bacterial prostatitis. Acute prostatitis is said to be the most common reason for a person to have prostatitis. The bacteria that causes this infection is often passed to the prostate from the bowel or the rectal area.
It has been found that there are some bacteria present in the bowel area which may sometimes multiply and spread to the urethra and the prostate gland. This causes urinary tract infection as well as inflammation of the prostate gland. When the acute bacterial prostatitis does not get treated or when the bacteria remains in the prostate gland, even after treatment, it may lead to acute bacterial prostatitis.
Chronic non-bacterial prostatitis and prostatodynia are two types of prostatitis diseases which are caused due to reasons other than bacterial infection. However, doctors have not found the exact reason that can cause this kind of prostatitis. Nevertheless, there are several reasons that may be the cause of prostatitis. One of the reasons for non-bacterial prostatitis is said to be indulging in activities like operating heavy machinery, driving a truck, etc. which exposes the prostate to strong vibrations, causing the problem of prostatitis. Other than this, cycling and jogging can also cause irritation to the prostate gland.
The symptoms of prostatitis will depend on reasons that have caused this inflammation. However, there are some symptoms that are common indicators of all types of prostatitis.
- The most common symptom of prostatitis is severe pain in the pelvic area. One may experience pain inside the penis as well as in the testicles and sometimes even underneath the pelvis. There have been cases when the pain has spread to adjacent areas of the body like in the groin, lower back and abdomen.
- Another symptom of prostatitis is experiencing pain and discomfort while passing urine. One may feel stinging or burning sensation which makes urination a difficult task.
- Urinary disruption is also a sign of prostatitis. Along with the difficulty that men experience while urinating, they may also observe an increased frequency in their need to urinate. This is caused due to the increased pressure on the prostate gland because of the infection.
- Men who are suffering from prostatitis may experience ejaculatory discomfort i.e. pain and discomfort while ejaculation. Impotence is another symptom that is seen in people suffering from prostatodynia.
- Apart from these symptoms, men are also likely to experience high fever as well as chills due to prostatitis.
- This disease is said to cause digestive distress, leading a person to experience nausea, vomiting and weakness.
Prostatitis treatment depends on the root cause of the problem. If the disease is developed due to bacterial prostate gland infection i.e. if the person has acute or chronic bacterial prostatitis, usually antibiotics are given as the primary treatment measures which have to be taken continuously for fourteen days. However, antibiotics do not work when the cause of prostate inflammation is non-bacterial. One of the best ways of treating prostate infection is making some serious lifestyle changes, especially in one's diet. Prostatitis diet includes consumption of foods that are high in antioxidants which help in enhancing the immune system by making it stronger.
Prostatitis can be cured naturally by indulging in foods like raspberries, broccoli, citrus fruits, black tea, onions, red wine, etc. Green leafy vegetables should strictly be made part of one's everyday diet. Some other essential foods that should be consumed are grapefruit, red berries, tomatoes, papaya, watermelons, etc. One must make sure to drink plenty of water and cut down the consumption of caffeine to ensure proper prostate health.
I hope you have got a fair idea about prostatitis with this article. If you are suffering from any of these symptoms, it is important to consult your physician immediately to prevent severe complications in the future.