The scalp is the protective layer of skin that encompasses the head. This layer of skin consists of tiny follicles, richly supplied with blood vessels and closely packed to each other, from which hair grows. Apart from the hair follicles, the scalp also has sebaceous glands, which secrete sebum or oil, to keep the scalp hydrated. Since the hair and scalp get exposed to various external factors like dust, pollution, harsh chemicals etc., they are prone to a number of problems. Improper hygienic practices, along with these factors can contribute to the growth of bumps or pimples on scalp. This condition can be seen in children as well as adults. These lumps can be quite annoying, irritating and unsightly to look at. This condition can even become frustrating when you don't know what causes tender scalp and how it can be treated.
Causes of Itchy Scalp Bumps
There are several conditions that can give rise to bumps on scalp which may have an itching or an irritated sensation. It is essential to identify the root cause of this issue and address it accordingly, so that the widespread can be curbed. A few of incidences which are responsible for boils on the scalp are listed below:
Hives are large, itchy, red lesions that are caused by an allergic reaction. They appear as one large bump when in fact they are several small bumps closely packed together. If you want to get rid of hives, the doctor will prescribe a dose of antihistamine.
There are two types of cysts, epidermal and sebaceous cysts, which cause tiny boils on the head. A cyst can be described as a small sac that is present underneath the top layer of the skin. It is usually filled with an oily, white, semi-solid substance. This condition is generally treated by a surgery to remove the cyst along with its content.
Dermatitis is a skin disorder with noticeable symptoms like inflammation, itching and pus-filled blisters that often ooze out fluid. This can also affect the scalp and trigger the eruption of lumps. Though not an infectious disease, the lumps can be infected if they are ruptured and come in contact with pathogens, pollutants and chemicals etc.
When hair follicles get accumulated with cell debris, dirt and natural oils, it gives rise to itchy bumps that may also hurt at times. Such clogging is an ideal place for bacterial growth that can cause acne or pimples on the scalp.
There are various infections like staphylococcus bacteria, psoriasis, ringworm and chickenpox that may cause itching and bumps on your scalp, and which can also spread to other parts of your body.
Parasites like scabies-causing mites and head lice can be one of the causative factors for eruption of scalp pimples, if they are not treated in time.
This is an infection of the follicles caused by a kind of bacteria. The symptoms of folliculitis are formation of red, painful and itchy boils on scalp that are tender to touch.
Growth of cancerous cells on the scalp can lead to the formation of itchy and painful bumps on the scalp. Cancer mostly affects the part of the scalp where hair growth is minimal.
Remedial Measures for Scalp Bumps
Since there are chances that an itchy scalp with bumps can aggravate and even lead to other infections, it is necessary to seek medical intervention for proper diagnosis and treatment.
- Follow a healthy diet, rich in vitamins, minerals and proteins that will help in boosting your immune system. A strong immune system is essential in treating and preventing the recurrence of bumps on scalp.
- Drinking plenty of water will assist in detoxification of the body, and hence help in the treatment.
- Buy an over-the-counter shampoo that is specially formulated for treating itchy bumps on the scalp. Such shampoos usually have substances like ketoconazole, ciclopirox, tar, zinc pyrithione, selenium sulfide and salicylic acid that are helpful in reducing the itchy feeling.
- Always keep your scalp moisturized. Right after shampooing, massage your scalp with a small amount of antibacterial conditioner. Leave it on the hair for about 15 minutes before rinsing it off. You can also use apple cider vinegar to rinse off your hair.
Apart from these treatments you can also use one of these natural oils for treating these itchy lumps.
- Tea tree oil has antibacterial properties which can kill infection causing bacteria.
- Jojoba oil acts in the same way as the natural sebum of your skin in action. It assists in the fast cure of pimples and keeps the scalp hydrated.
- Lavender oil reduces inflammation and itching of the scalp.
- Rosemary oil has antibacterial properties and soothes the skin as well and also helps in treating the infection fast.
- Just like rosemary oil, neem oil also has antibacterial and soothing properties and effectively cures rashes and bumps on the scalp.
You can try these home remedies for itchy scalp to control and prevent the recurrence lumps on the scalp. But if you suffer from recurrent or persistent itchy bumps on scalp, it is always better to consult a dermatologist, for precise review and treatment of this scalp problem. Take care!