Lactase enzyme belongs to the β-galactosidase family of enzymes and is also called lactase-phlorizin hydrolase (LPH). The following article provides an overview of the same.
LPH is naturally produced by the body and is generally present along the brush-border membrane of the small intestine. It is useful for digestive hydrolysis of lactose which is a naturally occurring form of sugar in milk and milk products. However, the capacity of producing the required amount of this enzyme differs from person to person. A deficiency, in this case, leads to difficulty in a person’s capacity to digest milk products. This insufficiency is called lactose intolerance. Supplements are used for curing this problem.
This can be observed in various degrees. Primary lactase deficiency develops over a period of time, which is sometimes experienced even without any visible symptoms. On the other hand, secondary deficiency appears when the intestine gets impaired by a few diseases like inflammatory bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease, and celiac disease.
The biggest benefit of lactase enzymes is, of course, for the proper digestion of lactose. In proper amounts, they evade lactose intolerance symptoms like bloating, nausea, stomach cramps, and diarrhea. Many times, supplements are used for people who are suffering from indigestion, heartburn, diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, and all other lactose intolerance conditions. These dietary supplements are consumed along with milk products for the best results. A person should always be particular about the proper dosage. There are very few known lactase side effects which are observed in only a few special conditions.
The possible side effects of lactase supplements include:
- Skin rash
- Tingling sensation on face and around the mouth
- Swelling of face and lips
- Troubled breathing
- Chest tightening
- Stomach cramps
The possible side effects of lactase can be avoided by considering a few factors. It is very important to consult the doctor with reference to medical history before buying supplements. People who are indulging in herbal or allopathic medications, dietary supplements, vitamin supplements, and other prescribed as well as non-prescribed medications must always consult a medical expert before buying over-the-counter supplements.
People who are allergic to some medications and foods, or those who have recently undergone any surgery must consult a healthcare provider to avoid the side effects. Pregnant women and breastfeeding mothers are also advised to do the same.
Since you have been informed about the benefits and side effects of lactase enzymes, you can take care and avoid irresponsible dosage.