The type and exact location of stomach pain varies according to the underlying cause. As it can indicate a minor as well as a severe disorder, it should not be ignored.
Gas and bloating are the most common causes. Children tend to chew gum, may not swallow food properly, may have improper food habits, etc., which can lead to bloating and formation of gas.
Constipation is a condition that develops when a child has a difficulty in passing stools or may pass stools for only 3-4 times a week. Having a diet lacking in fibers, not drinking enough water, etc., are its major causes. Stomach pain, nausea, loss of appetite, discomfort, etc., are its symptoms.
Diarrhea is a condition that is opposite to constipation. The child may pass stools for more than once/twice during a single day and pass watery stools. Diarrhea can be a symptom of a disorder, or can be caused due to a variety of reasons like having unhealthy food, suffering from viral or bacterial infection, etc. Dull and aching pain in the stomach can be caused due to diarrhea.
Gastroenteritis is a bacterial infection of the stomach caused due to consumption of contaminated or unhealthy food. Its symptoms include stomach pain, specially after having meals, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, etc.
Pain under the ribs can be a symptom of stomach ulcer. It develops when the inner lining of the stomach gets eroded due to several reasons. Lower abdominal pain, nausea, burning sensation in the stomach, etc., are the prominent symptoms.
This condition develops when the intestines get blocked due to Crohn's disease, hernia, and other surgical problems. Children suffering from this condition may experience severe stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, etc.
Treatment and Remedies
Medications can be used for treating most of the aforementioned causes, for e.g., diarrhea, gastroenteritis, ulcer, etc. Constipation can be treated with laxatives, and by making changes in the diet by including fibers. Bowel obstruction, if severe, may require a surgery. Medications should be taken only with the doctor's prescription and for the prescribed period.
Lastly, remember that disorders of the stomach can be prevented to a great extent by having a proper and balanced diet, and hence, children should be encouraged to do so. Take care!
Disclaimer: This article is meant only to provide information. It is not to be substituted for doctor's consultation.