Metformin side effects are mild and negligible, provided the drug is administered in doses recommended by a medical expert. Some of the reported side effects of metformin are gastrointestinal problems, lactic acidosis, weight loss, and hair loss. Here’s a detailed look at the same.
Metformin (trade name: Glucophage) is an oral therapeutic drug, promoted for controlling blood sugar levels within the normal recommended range. Formulated from the plant Galega officinalis (common name: French lilac), the popularity of metformin for treating diabetes dates back to the 1950s. By then, it was found to be the only drug that did not have any adverse effects on the blood pressure of diabetic patients, which was not the case with other anti-diabetic medicines. Today, it is commercially sold under different brand names.
Metformin is usually prescribed with other insulin-related medicines for treating hyperglycemia. It is to be borne in mind that metformin is only for those patients, who are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes or non-insulin-dependent diabetes (not for type 1 diabetes). The major benefit of administering metformin is that it does not cause hypoglycemia symptoms when taken alone. However, metformin side effects may be manifested in patients who have taken this drug in a higher dosage, or in conjunction with other medication.
Side Effects of Metformin
Health experts are of the opinion that metformin helps in lowering cholesterol and triglyceride levels, thus reducing the complications of cardiovascular problems among diabetic patients. However, the long-term side effects may be present in patients who have an underlying kidney disease, liver disease, or heart disease. Other than these, the side effects of metformin are rare if it is advocated under the supervision of a qualified physician. Here is a list of the adverse health effects that metformin can have.
|➤ Digestive Problems
Gastrointestinal discomfort and other indigestion-related problems are the most commonly reported adverse effects of metformin. Mild diarrhea is observed in approximately 53% people, who have taken metformin for diabetes treatment, while about 25% patients complain of nausea and vomiting.
➤ Lactic Acidosis
➤ Effects of Overdose
➤ Weight Loss
➤ Hair Loss
➤ Taste Disturbance
➤ Nose/Throat Infection
➤ Nose/Throat Infection
As already mentioned, metformin side effects are negligible, when medication is taken correctly. After rigorous clinical studies, FDA has approved of the use of metformin in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Today, it is listed among the most widely prescribed anti-diabetic drugs. In addition, the effectiveness of metformin is also studied for treating other medical problems, in which resistance to insulin is the root cause. Though it is not clinically proven, researchers have suggested that metformin can be of help in treating gestational diabetes and polycystic ovary syndrome.
Disclaimer: This HealthHearty article is for informative purposes only and should not be used as a replacement for professional medical advice.