A traumatic injury to the head can be very damaging, as it can severely affect the functionality of the brain. There are a number of causes of receiving a mild or a harsh blow to the head, and sometimes this blow leads to a concussion. Knowing the different forms of treatment for this can surely help anybody, as this will help them avoid the injury from getting worse. A mild injury will not display the symptoms and characteristics of a more serious injury, and it is also easier to treat. Someone who has got a concussion suffers from disruption of the brain's functionality, so it is important to seek medical advice.
There are a variety of reasons that result in people suffering from concussions. Basically, if any person receives a very hard blow on their head, their brain may slightly shift inside and collide against the inner part of the skull. This leads to the person getting a concussion, and most people pass out due to this trauma. Some people also experience memory loss as a result of this, and lose their ability of motor coordination and balancing.
This is a very common injury for sportsmen, especially in contact sports. The collision of two heads often leads to concussions, and at such times knowledge of treatment options can be absolutely vital. Even children who are learning to walk often fall down and hit their heads, and suffer a concussion as a result. Any large and heavy object falling on the head can also cause this. Acts of violence also lead to this condition. The most common cause of concussions around the world, however, are road accidents.
Depending on the degree of contact, symptoms will vary in nature and intensity. The most common symptom of concussions is loss of consciousness. You may have often seen someone who has suffered a concussion pass out. Along with this, the person will also feel extremely nauseous and may even experience a loss of memory when he/she wakes up. A constant watch must be kept on the person once he/she wakes up, as a relapse of the concussion may occur. Extreme care should be taken that a person who has passed out does not swallow his/her own tongue. This is a very dangerous risk, and the person may choke due to that. Along with this, here are some symptoms that one must look out for.
- Headaches and migraines
- Blurred vision
- Inability to regain consciousness
- Increased state of confusion
- Vomiting and trouble walking
- Strange eye movements and pupil inequality
The treatment for mild concussions should focus on careful and constant monitoring of the person for a few hours or days. In case the symptoms continue, it is better to seek professional medical help. The person should undertake a complete bed rest for a few days and should refrain from carrying out any form of physical activity. Here are some more treatments that can be administered for a mild concussion:
- Application of ice:
Ice must be applied immediately after the head injury. Applying ice directly to the skin is not recommended, so it must be in an ice pack or wrapped in a cloth before it is applied to the head.
If the person is experiencing painful bouts of headaches, some painkillers can be administered. This should only be done after consulting a doctor.
If there is a laceration on the head, it may be treated with the help of lidocaine, injections, or topical applications. A doctor will examine the skull for further damage and take suitable steps.
- Bed rest:
The person must take complete bed rest till he/she recuperates, and should not perform any kind of strenuous activity. Proper rest is the key to a complete recovery.
Disclaimer: This HealthHearty article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.