Morbid obesity is a fast growing health problem of the modern world and it seems to afflict almost a third of the world population. Read the following article to find out all about morbid obesity treatment and ways to avoid it while there’s still time.
The obese is in a total delirium. For he is not only large, of a size opposed to normal morphology: he is larger than large. He no longer makes sense in some distinctive opposition, but in his excess, his redundancy. ~ Jean Baudrillard
First of all, let’s precede this discussion on morbid obesity treatment with a brief overview of what morbid obesity means and how it’s different from regular obesity. Obesity means any condition wherein the body fat exceeds the normal quantity with reference to height and body mass of an individual so much so that it interferes with the body’s capability to normally undertake otherwise regular activities such as walking, climbing stairs, etc. and also leads to a lot of other weight related health problems.
Morbid obesity is a category of obesity which is characterized by the individual so much fat as to becoming more than double the weight that is normal for his/her height, skeletal mass and age. In other words, when measured on the Body Mass Indicator scale, any result exceeding 39 is considered as a tendency towards morbid obesity. Morbid obesity poses a whole lot of serious health risks as the excess fat puts a lot of pressure on the bones and the vital organs.
Owing to this, a morbidly obese individual runs great risk of experiencing heart failure and suffering from other cardiovascular diseases. Incidences of kidney and liver diseases are also high in morbidly obese persons. Due to heavy pressure on the bones, they also run the risk of osteoporosis as their bones get weaker and are weighed down by all that excess fat.
Also, an increase in fat results in a decrease in muscle mass, leading to restriction of body movements and loss of agility. Instances of various respiratory problems are also high in morbidly obese individuals. This is the reason why fat people are not necessarily strong – in fact, they are seriously sick people who need urgent medical attention. A morbidly obese body is like a time bomb, ticking and getting closer to collapse with each passing day!
Morbid Obesity Treatment Options
Morbid obesity management involves a bi-pronged approach with a third option, surgery, as the last resort. The twin prongs of non surgical morbid obesity management involves a combination of diet and exercise. The surgical method refers to bariatric surgery. Let’s take a look at each of these methods to understand how they work to help the patient shed the unnecessary body mass.
Diet for Morbid Obesity
Since most cases of morbid obesity are caused by diet related irregularities and overindulgence, it is very important to put checks on eating habits of the patient first. There are various types of weight loss diets available that can be followed for losing excess lipids from the body by reducing the intake of calories in the form of carbohydrates and fats. However, before going on a crash diet, consulting a medical professional and a nutritionist/dietitian is strongly advised.
Exercise for Shedding Flab
After consulting a medical profession with regards to losing the extra weight, the recommended exercise regime must be followed religiously by the subject. A typical workout regime designed to help obese individuals lose weight includes about 20-30 minutes of cardiovascular exercises and aerobic workouts such as walking, swimming, biking, etc. However, since obesity puts a lot of pressure on the heart and other vital organs, it is best to get counseling from a professional weight loss expert regarding workout regime to avoid putting even more pressure on these organs.
Surgical Treatment of Morbid Obesity
Any individual with a BMI reading exceeding 40 is eligible for bariatric surgery for reducing the capacity of the stomach so that the patient’s eating capacity is limited to a specific quantity, exceeding which he/she will feel nauseous and will regurgitate the excess food. Individuals with a lower reading who exhibit morbid obesity symptoms that indicate towards other health issues and functional problems of organs owing to excess weight also qualify for bariatric surgery.
Before the surgery is attempted, the patient is often given a period of time within which to make certain lifestyle changes that contribute towards future weight loss. A clear liquid diet is usually followed post the surgery to allow the gastrointestinal tract to recover from the surgical procedure.
Other than diet, exercise and surgery, weight loss medication such as fat burning pills and appetite suppressants can also be taken to supplement the weight loss efforts of the aforementioned morbid obesity management methods. Medications and drugs alone cannot lead to effective weight loss unless accompanied by diet and exercise. Obesity is a preventable and reversible condition. However, the extent of its prevention and reversibility depends totally upon individual will and level of commitment towards a healthy lifestyle. Watch what you eat to stay fit – obesity doesn’t just change the way you look, it also changes the way you live and feel.