There are some bacteria that live in the body and assist in some functions. These bacteria are relatively harmless, and their presence is hardly a matter of concern. However, there are some types of bacteria, which when enter the body, can cause a number of infections, some of which may serious in nature. One such bacteria that can play havoc in the body, when it comes in contact with an open wound or any organ in the body is MRSA or Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus Aureus.
This bacteria can cause staph infection and other such health disorders. It can enter the body through external sources, like contaminated air, or by coming in contact with an infected person. MRSA lung infection can also be caused due to using contaminated towels and other things.
- The most primary symptom is persistent cough, accompanied by wheezing. Bouts of wheezing and cough filled with phlegm during breathing may be experienced. If these symptoms persist, then there are chances that the individual may have contracted pneumonia.
- Another symptom is high fever. The body temperature may increase above 100.5ºF and be accompanied by chills.
- Individuals who have a weakened immune system may experience hot flashes. This can also be observed in older persons.
- Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, and chest pain are also noticed. This may arise due to chest congestion and the lungs may find it hard to breathe. Chest pain may result due to constant coughing, which make the chest muscles sore.
- In case a secondary infection develops, symptoms like fatigue, nausea, induced vomiting, body ache, and fainting spells can be noticed. In extreme cases, if the bacteria spreads to other organs in the body, it can result in urinary tract infection.
It is essential to treat this disorder in the initial stage to prevent it from becoming life-threatening. A failure to provide timely treatment can lead to complications, and may also prove to be fatal in some cases. Before administering treatment, the doctor may conduct a series of diagnostic tests, like chest X-rays, blood tests, and a physical exam to check for the spread of the infection. Once the tests are completed, then the doctor may proceed towards treatment. Antibiotics are prescribed to treat the primary stage.
In case of the secondary stage, antibiotics, like aminoglycosides, carbapenems, vancomycin and fluoroquinolones, etc., are administered intravenously. In case of chest congestion, the doctor may use a medical instrument to drain the mucus. The patient may also be advised to take ample rest till complete recovery.
Prognosis of this disorder can be determined by taking a few factors, like the age of the patient, severity, stage at which the infection was diagnosed, and the patient's response to the treatment. Timely diagnosis of this disorder may prevent the condition from turning chronic. Maintain hygienic conditions to avoid contracting this disorder. Take care!
Disclaimer: This HealthHearty article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.