High blood sugar, in simple terms can be explained as excess of glucose in the blood stream. It is a common complication seen in diabetic patients. When the food we eat is digested, the sugar from the food is converted to glucose and other simple sugars, and stays in the blood stream. It is the role of a hormone called insulin, to supply this glucose to the muscles, fats and liver cells.
In diabetic patients, the pancreas either do not produce enough insulin, or the muscles, fats and the liver cells in diabetic patients, do not respond to the insulin. In non-diabetic patients, use of certain drugs, physiological stress, and critical illnesses like trauma, surgery, etc., can increase the blood sugar level.
Generally a sugar level of 180 mg/dL in the blood is considered high, but the noticeable signs and symptoms generally show up, when the blood sugar level crosses 250 mg/dL. A temporary fluctuation in the blood sugar level, shows up dangerous signs and symptoms, and a consistently high level of blood sugar in non-diabetic patients, can lead to future complications, like diabetes, vision problems, kidney and nerve diseases, cardiovascular damage, etc. The signs of high blood sugar in women and men, are quite similar, and there are certain minor differences. Let's get into the details, in the coming paragraph.
Signs of High Level of Blood Sugar in Women
It should be noted that though high blood sugar signs are generally seen in diabetic individuals, the signs are also the same for non-diabetic people. It is advised that you consult the doctor, if there is an increase in the frequency of these signs. This is because high blood sugar is a warning sign of diabetes, for non-diabetic patients, and can lead to complications in people with diabetes.
- Increase in thirst and hunger is a common sign.
- Another common sign is increase in the frequency of urination.
- Unexplained fatigue and abnormal weight loss, is also an underlying sign of high blood sugar.
- Decreased immunity, especially, the wounds do not heal quickly is also seen in women.
- Vaginal and skin infections is a sign.
- Damage to the vision, and decrease in sight, is another common sign.
- Other common signs are,
- Mouth dryness
- Frequent spells of headache
- Difficulty in breathing
- Loss of sensitivity due to nerve damage
- Stomach problems, such as chronic constipation and diarrhea.
- Loss of concentration.
How to Control the Level
To cure acute hyperglycemia in diabetic women and men, insulin injections is the only way out. To prevent the consistent occurrences of hyperglycemia, certain preventive measures would help. The food one eats, plays a huge role in controlling the blood sugar level. Eat healthy food, which is low on sugar and fats. Junk foods are high on sodium and sugar levels, so one should avoid consumption of these foods. Drinking enough water, is also of immense help. Maintaining a ideal weight is also of huge significance, as high weight is associated with high blood sugar.
So this was all about the signs. As said earlier, women need to maintain a sound health, as the well-being of the family depends on her. So, if you have high blood sugar, don't worry. Making certain lifestyle modifications would surely help a large way.