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Sinus Infection in Children

Sinus Infection in Children

Sinus infection is a pretty common problem, especially in very young children. In rarer cases, it may lead to quite a few complications.
Ashwini Kulkarni Sule
Last Updated: Apr 9, 2018
Infections are the most common form of diseases that children suffer from. The weak immune system of kids often makes them more susceptible to various diseases and infections. Sinus infections are the most common of all infections that children suffer from. There are many symptoms of this infection. However, as young children cannot express what's ailing them, diagnosis of these symptoms becomes difficult. Hence, it is the duty of parents to be alert and look out for symptoms of sinus infection in children.
Symptoms
Sinus infection is often followed by a viral cold or influenza. The cold lasts for about 8-10 days and does not respond to usual medications of common cold and flu. The nasal secretion then turns thicker and yellowish green in color. This may be an onset of bacterial sinusitis. Ear infections caused by same bacteria are also common in small children. The other symptoms to look out are tenderness of face, rattling chest, bad breath, etc. Sinus infection in kids are often accompanied by cough which is present throughout the day, but worsens at night or during naps. Nasal congestion can be quite traumatic for the children.
Causes
Viral infections in the upper respiratory tract are often the common cause of sinus infections in children. However, certain allergens such as pollutants, also trigger the sinus infection in kids. This pollutant or viral infection, irritates the lining of sinuses, which leads to inflammation. This causes blockage of mucus in the nasal passage. Bacteria begins to thrive and multiply in this blocked mucus, which eventually leads to sinus infections. If this infection is not treated on time, it may lead to chronic sinus infection. This is many a time a cause of abnormal growth in nose or even bone deformities such as deviated septum.
Treatment
Treatment of sinus infection in young children in mainly targeted at reducing the inflammation of the sinuses. The blocked mucus can then make its way out, through nasal secretions. Antibiotics for sinus infection in children do not work if the infection is due to viruses. However, in case of bacterial infections or allergic infections oral antihistamines and narrow spectrum antibiotics can be used. For mild sinus infection, amoxicillin works best. Pain relievers such as aspirin and ibuprofen should be strictly avoided in case of children. Saline nasal spray, corticosteroids and decongestants are normally used to relieve the nasal congestion in children. The home treatments for sinus infection in kids include steam therapy or vaporizer with drops of eucalyptus, rosemary or peppermint oil.
Prevention is the best cure, in case of sinus infection in children. Keep your child away from the outbreaks of flu and other epidemics. Implement proper hygiene practices at home to avoid infection due to allergens. Similarly, help your child lead a healthy lifestyle with proper diet and exercises to strengthen his immune system. In case of severe symptoms, it is better to consult a physician as early as possible. Lastly, the most important thing, do not attempt to treat your child at home with the help of over the counter drugs without consulting a medical practitioner.