Stomach polyps are masses of cells that forms in the inner lining of the stomach. Learn what are their causes from this article.
Our stomach has a lining that covers its insides. When a cluster of cells develops in this inner lining, doctors call it stomach polyps, which are also known as gastric polyps. Most of these polyps do not show any obvious symptoms which will indicate that the person is having this stomach problem. Sometimes it happens that the doctor discovers these polyps only when the patient is being examined for some other reason.
During that time, the polyps might be discovered accidentally. There are several types on which the treatment depends. The most common types are Hyperplastic polyps, Fundic gland polyps, Adenomas polyps and Inflammatory polyps. This article deals mainly with the stomach polyps causes.
There are several causes of stomach polyps that one should know about. It can occur due to aging, if the person has severe gastric problems or maybe due to some medicine that he/she is taking etc.
Chronic gastritis is one of the most common causes. It is a medical condition where the person suffering from this problem has a prolonged stomach inflammation which in turn damages the inner lining of the stomach. This chronic gastritis occurs due to the infection caused by the Helicobacter pylori. This bacteria is also a cause of stomach ulcers. Researchers are not sure as to how people get infected by this bacteria, some say that they might be carried through food and drinks. However, around 40% of American (adults), carry this bacteria.
Deficiency of B-12
If a person suffers from low levels of Vitamin B12 in their body, then again there are chances of him/her suffering from stomach polyps. Lack of Vitamin B12 in the body, reduces the number of red blood cells that are being produced in the body. This leads to a situation called B12 deficiency anemia. If a person suffers from this deficiency then he/she shows symptoms like loss of appetite, pale skin, difficulty in breathing and even changes in the bowel movement.
Usage of Medicines
Other causes are the use of certain medicines which are used to treat certain problems in the stomach. When a person is suffering from gastroesophageal reflux disease, or if he/she has ulcers or H. pylori bacteria related diseases, then the doctor gives him/her the proton pump inhibitors, a type of medicine used to treat these problems.
Some people might also inherit this condition. This cause is called familiar adenomatous polyposis and it increases the chances of a person suffering from stomach cancer.
As a person nears the age of 50 years, the risk of having stomach polyps increases. Hence, when a person is approaching this age, he/she needs to be very careful about his/her health.
Prevention and Treatments
Although the treatment is easy, remember ‘prevention is better than cure’. Following a strict diet is important. Avoid foods which are rich in nitrates and nitrites as they are responsible for the growth of H. pylori bacteria. One also has to keep a check on their weight as obesity can also lead to stomach polyps. Fresh fruits and vegetables should be taken in large quantities as they are the ones that prevent the growth of polyps due to the presence of anti-oxidants in them. One should also consume foods which are rich in Vitamin A and Vitamin C.
Generally, treatment is not necessary if the polyp is not cancerous. If there is the presence of bacteria in the stomach, then the doctors will recommend certain ways to get rid of the infection. If the doctor says that you have one, then there is nothing to worry as it can be treated easily. Just follow a healthy diet and exercise daily, specially when you are nearing the age of 50.
Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is solely for educating the reader. It is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a medical expert.