Tooth infection can be a result of poor oral hygiene, gum disease, or dental cavity. While describing the symptoms of tooth infection, this Buzzle article also explains the importance of prompt and proper treatment for the tooth.
A tooth infection is a painful dental problem caused due to bacteria that inhabit the oral cavity. Medically referred to as abscessed tooth, the infection may affect various parts of the tooth and its surrounding areas. Usually, infection takes place inside the tooth (i.e., dental pulp), in the gums around the tooth, at the root of the tooth, and in the bones surrounding it. First, the enamel of the tooth is affected, which leads to formation of entry paths for the microbes. Following these paths, bacteria enter the tooth and the adjoining bones. As a result of this, tooth infection symptoms like pain and bad breath are experienced.
Common Causes of Tooth Infection
Understanding tooth infection causes and avoiding them will help in controlling the onset of this painful dental condition. The triggering factors for tooth infection are dry mouth, gum disease, weak enamel, cracks in tooth, dental cavity, and tooth decay. The underlying cause for all these factors is directly or indirectly related to dietary habits and oral hygiene. In short, food habits also play a major role in developing bacterial infection in the tooth and gums.
As we all know, certain groups of microbes are present inside the mouth. After consuming food, small food particles and debris remain in the corners of the tooth, which if not cleaned properly become a breeding ground for the bacteria. Dental plaque when combined with the acid components in food, can dissolve the tooth enamel. Hence, bacteria get an easy entry into the internal structure of the tooth, and cause pain and swelling. Many a time, tooth infection is manifested due to improper cavity filling. With proper oral hygiene and dental care, the risk of tooth infection can be minimized.
Symptoms of Tooth Infection
➺ Bad breath
➺ Gum soreness
➺ Facial swelling
➺ Swollen jaw
➺ Fever and general uneasiness.
➺ The infected tooth is sensitive to very cold or hot foods.
➺ Swelling of the lymph glands present in the neck area is also manifested as a response to bacterial infection in the tooth.
➺ Over time, infection in and around the tooth leads to accumulation of pus in the pulp of the tooth, and also in the tissues surrounding the affected tooth. You might notice a strange taste in your mouth (pus taste).
➺ Speaking about wisdom tooth infection symptoms, the most prominent signs are inflammation and puffiness of the gum tissues around the infected tooth. At times, pus draining from the gum line and swelling of the lymph glands under the jaw line are observed.
➺ Mild to severe toothache is the most common symptom of tooth infection. The pain may be acute or chronic, depending upon the location and severity of the infection. Some patients experience a continuous pain, while others complain of throbbing or sharp pain. The pain may worsen while indulging in chewing or mastication activities.
➺ It is also not unusual to manifest infection at the tooth extraction site. After all, the procedure involves injuring the tissues and blood vessels in the particular area. Some of the tooth extraction infection symptoms are pain, redness, swelling, and pus formation.
Whatever is the underlying problem, infection in the tooth or tooth abscess should be addressed as early as possible. Also, there are chances of spreading bacterial infection to the adjacent teeth and bones. Any delay in getting dental treatment can lead to tooth loss and chronic complications.
Tooth infection symptoms can also be reduced temporarily by following certain home remedies. Clove oil works great for tooth pain. For abnormal swelling, applying ice packs over the affected portion can help alleviate the symptom. Therapeutic treatment is focused on eliminating the causal bacteria. The dentist may prescribe antibiotics. In mild cases, where infected tooth can be restored, the dentist may recommend a root canal procedure. However, root canal infection symptoms may be observed in case of inadequate therapy. Considering these, it is imperative to get the treatment done by a qualified dentist.