The gallbladder is an important organ of the human digestive system. Pain in the gallbladder experienced by patients, may be due to infections and inflammation in the organ. The sphincter constrictions, gallstones and gallbladder rupture are the prominent gallbladder diseases, which affect majority of the patients. Computed tomography (CT) scan, sonography or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) are the techniques used to diagnose these diseases. Though, there are oral medicines available for treatment, surgery becomes unavoidable in many cases. Many patients across the world undergo laparoscopic cholecystectomy to remove the gallbladder, which is not functioning in the right manner. Surgery have benefited many people. However, in some case many complications have been observed after the gallbladder has been removed. Some of them have been enlisted below.
Diarrhea can be one of the effects experienced immediately after the removal of the gallbladder. Its function, being a digestive organ, is to break down the eaten food into smaller pieces. But, during surgery, this part is removed and you might experience problems in bowel movement. However, you can expect a positive change in your bowel movements once your body adjusts itself post surgery.
Bile Duct Injury
The bile duct is the tube which connects the gallbladder to the liver. Injury to the bile duct is one of the serious complications after gallbladder removal. The injury can happen in some cases during the surgery, which in turn, can lead to abdominal pain and bile leak.
The gallbladder does the task of holding the bile produced by the liver. After it has been removed, the bile produced may leak into the small intestine or the pancreas and cause a lot of pain. This condition can further lead to other complications, such as pancreatitis and jaundice.
Many people get infected by bacteria, during laparoscopic gallbladder removal surgery. In these cases, infections may occur even after taking antibiotic medicines before and after the surgery.
Some patients may experience problems such as internal bleeding, injury to the digestive system or blood vessel injuries due to surgery. Patients should be fully aware of the complications that follow gallbladder removal, before deciding to undergo the surgery. Follow all the instructions of your doctor before and after the surgery to get well fast.
After the removal of the gallbladder, it is very essential for the patient to follow a good, balanced diet to avoid any complications. This diet should be free from the highly fatty foods. Such a diet can help you to cope with the changes in your body due to gallbladder removal. The nutritive fruits and vegetables such as guavas, apricots, apples, papayas, lemons, cucumber, tomatoes, avocados, beets are included in the well planned diet. Some of the foods, which you should avoid eating are eggs, black tea, oranges, chocolates, cabbages, soda, ice-creams and nuts. Your doctor will suggest you to drink plenty of water and avoid consuming alcohol to avoid your health problems from aggravating.
Disclaimer: This Buzzle article is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.