Hot tub folliculitis is a contagious disease that is caused by the bacteria commonly found in hot water sources. Read the following article to get some more information.
The small cavity in the skin from which hair develops is called the hair follicle. Sometimes, the hair follicles get infected and inflamed. When this occurs due to the bacteria residing in hot water sources such as hot tubs, water slides, etc., it is known as hot tub folliculitis. It is sometimes referred to as pseudomonas folliculitis, after its causative agent Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This particular kind of infection is more common in children, as they stay longer in water than adults.
The signs and symptoms of hot tub folliculitis become noticeable within 3-4 days of contracting the infection or using an improperly maintained hot tub.
- Some of the identifiable symptoms are itchy and bumpy skin, rashes on the trunk, arms, buttocks, legs, and other parts of the body.
- Formation of small blisters filled with pustules is seen on the affected body parts.
- The pustules turn into dark, tender, red, hard nodules, and are popularly known as furuncles or boils.
- A rise in the body temperature is noticed.
Apart from these, the patient experiences a general feeling of sickness and discomfort.
The basic cause of this condition is exposure to dirty or contaminated water, containing the causative bacteria. People are at a relatively higher risk if they have a poor immune system, open cuts or sores, a medical history of other skin disorders, or are diabetic.
A medical practitioner takes help of the medical history, family history, and physical examination of the patient. The appearance of skin lesions, and a history of exposure to hot tub, water slides, or spas confirms the condition of pseudomonas folliculitis. Correct diagnosis is essential for proper treatment.
The symptoms of hot tub folliculitis usually disappear within 7-10 days of onset. It does not usually exceed 12 days. Therefore, most of the time, there is hardly any need to seek medical treatment. However, if someone wishes to get it resolved fast, then a doctor generally prescribes antibiotics. He may also give you an anti-itch medication to reduce the itching. The blisters clear up without leaving behind any scar.
One thing that you can do for prevention is to maintain the acid and chlorine levels of the water source that you use on a frequent basis. In addition to these, dead skin should be eliminated, levels of disinfectants should be maintained, and water from the hot tub should be changed frequently. Go to a local pool store, and inquire about the chemicals that can assist you in keeping your water free from Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Is Hot Tub Folliculitis Contagious?
It easily spreads through physical contact with an already infected person. Therefore, infected people should follow some measures to prevent its transmission. They should avoid sharing towels, washcloths, etc., with others. They should also avoid using hot tubs, until they recover completely from the condition.
In case of recurrent or persistent hot tub folliculitis, one should seek medical assistance. It is very important to cure such a skin condition, as it may give rise to more complicated medical conditions like abscesses.
Disclaimer: This HealthHearty article is solely for informative purpose and not intended to replace the advice of medical experts.