Kidneys are the organs that produce urine and flush-out the unwanted from the body. They lie behind abdominal cavity in retroperitoneum. Producing urine is a primary function of the kidney, and thus, are a part of the urinary system. As the body releases urine, it throws out the waste like urea and ammonium. Kidneys are responsible for re-absorption of glucose and amino acids, production vitamin D, erythropoietin, and hormones. Kidney stones are a common type of kidney diseases. However, the disorder can be treated by adhering to kidney stones diet.
What are Kidney Stones?
Kidney stones are solid crystals of dissolved urinary minerals. These stones are formed in the kidneys. The causes of kidney stones vary from renal tubular acidosis, Dent's disease, Hyperparathyroidism, and medullary sponge kidney. Even Crohn's disease is a major cause of kidney stones. These stones can be cured by passage of urine.
The first symptom of kidney stones are lower abdomen pain and groin pain. The level of pain depends on the size of the kidney stone. As the stone blocks the flow of urine, the person may experience excruciating kidney pain in the passage of urine. The pain is defined by sharp cramp sort of pain in the back and side area of the kidneys. If the stone moves down towards ureter, the person may feel a burning sensation while urinating or the need to urinate more often.
Many times, the stones do not cause any pain. These stones are known as the silent stones, which are detected through X-rays. Small stones are passed through urine and often go unnoticed. Blood and urine test samples, collected in 24 hours and put through processes help in diagnosing kidney stones. A CT scan may be required to detect any other infection in the urinary tract.
Fortunately, the painful kidney stones can be cured in natural ways as well as with medical ways. In acute cases a surgery may be necessary, but that's not the case always. Doctors may prescribe medicines to avoid concentrations of acids and alkali in the urine.
Foods to Avoid
Before you follow any diet for kidney stones, consult your doctor. Frequent urination helps in passage of kidney stones from the body. Thus increase the intake of water. A person suffering with kidney stones should be able to produce at least 2 quarts of urine in 24 hours. About 2.5-3 liters of water is required for the body to work normally. Fluids in any form are alright, you can add juices and pulses to your diet too. Those who have highly acidic urine, avoid food items like egg, meat, fish, and poultry. Avoiding dairy products and food items with high calcium content can reduce the risk of forming calcium stones in the urine. For controlling calcium phosphate stones, a relatively low in calcium diet has to be maintained. Food items like alcoholic beverages, radishes, tomatoes, condiments, pickles, cucumbers, spinach, rhubarb, watercress, asparagus,onions, carbonated water, aerated drinks, cauliflower, and beans are irritants to the kidneys.
- Begin your day with a glass of lukewarm water.
- For breakfast have a glass of carrot juice with 50% water.
- A bowl full of fruits in the morning and continue the same with five hourly intervals.
- For lunch have steamed vegetables, buttermilk, whole wheat tortilla, and finish the meal with a glass of water.
- In between the meals, have a glass of carrot juice or coconut water.
- For dinner, have fresh vegetable salad, juice of your choice and glass of water.
- Avoid having caffeine, tea, and flesh food.
Following the diet for reducing kidney stones will go a long way in curing the system and reviving it. Water is the keyword in the diet for kidney stones. For additional benefits, Yoga exercises, outdoor exercises, and brisk walking will save your kidneys from occurrence of any more problems.