Are you looking for the causes of lower eyelid swelling? This article enlists some of the reasons that can give rise to this condition and signs to watch out for.
The eyelids perform a lot of functions, apart from just protecting the inner surface of the eye. They provide lubrication and help in the drainage of tears. Many of us tend to ignore simple symptoms with the hope that they will subside with time. But, this is not the best way to go about things, since sometimes, what seems like a one-off case might benefit from a trip to the ophthalmologist. The eyes are extremely sensitive and many people are prone to irritation and conditions that are compounded by allergens, changes in season, and medication.
Swelling in the lower eyelid can occur accompanied by other symptoms and can be attributed to not less than 70 different causes. Some of these have been listed below:
Allergies are one of the most common causes, and the allergens could be many. In the case of women, eye makeup is very often the culprit, though people who are predisposed to allergies relating to the nasal passages are also likely to be victims. Pet allergies can also cause this condition.
Medically known as a hordeolum, a stye occurs when a part of the eyelash becomes inflamed. This is caused as a result of a bacterial eye infection in the sebaceous glands of the eyelid. Styes can cause swelling and pain accompanied by redness and tenderness of the surrounding areas.
Also known as pink eye, conjunctivitis is a common, contagious condition that is generally caused by a virus or bacteria but can also occur as a result of air-borne irritants, allergens, contact lenses, or infected eye drops. It commonly causes swelling, itchiness, and redness of the lower eyelid.
This is a condition in which the eyelids become inflamed, and it is generally linked with other preexisting conditions, like rosacea, dry eyes, or a dry and itchy scalp. Blepharitis can recur frequently or remain as a chronic condition. Apart from swollen eyelids, it can result in a feeling of a foreign body lodged in the eye. This leads to blurred vision, scratchiness, or general irritation. Drying secretions may make the eyes sticky after sleep.
The eyelids contain approximately 30 oil-producing sebaceous glands. A chalazion is a well-defined bump that occurs when one of these glands become blocked, and the secretions continue to release but they cannot drain out. This leads to a build up which appears externally in the form of a lump residing on the eyelid. Sometimes, blepharitis can also lead to the formation of a chalazion.
✔ Eyelid Edema
This is a condition that is caused by the accumulation of fluid in the eyelid. It can affect both the upper and lower eyelid causing swelling, redness, itching, or a burning sensation. All the above-listed causative factors can lead to eyelid edema apart from other agents, like medication, insect bites, or trauma.
☛ The treatment for this condition will vary depending on the causative factors; however, in general, mild inflammation can be cured using simple remedies, like cold compresses.
☛ If the symptoms persist, immunosuppressants, anti-allergens, and steroid creams or ointments may be required to combat the infection.
☛ Irrespective of how minor the symptoms are, it’s advisable to get the opinion of a qualified ophthalmologist to ensure that any other possible complications get arrested and the correct treatment is prescribed.
☛ Some people tend to experience recurring symptoms, and in such cases, mild eye washes, if done regularly, may help in reducing the irritation.
☛ Since the eyes are sensitive, it’s not unusual to avoid extensive washing; however, if you are prone to conditions, like blepharitis, keep the eyes clean by regular and careful washing. This can help in reducing the incidence of encrustations, discharge, and swelling to a great extent.
Lower eyelid swelling is not uncommon and more often than not requires simple medication for relief. To be on the safe side, visit a medical practitioner and do not neglect the symptoms. Keep the eyes protected from UV rays with the help of shades or sunglasses. These rays can damage the eyes severely. Remember to wash your eyes with water properly before hitting the sack. A few simple precautions and you’ll have sparkling eyes in no time!
Disclaimer: This HealthHearty article is for informative purposes only and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.