Cancer is the uncontrolled multiplication of the normal cells, which grow and turn malignant. Lymphoma cancer involves cells of the immune system called lymphocytes, and is one of the 35 types of cancers that affect these cells. It is the third most common cancer seen in children.
In lymphoma, the B cells or the T cells are the ones which turn malignant. This abnormal multiplication of cells can happen in one or many lymph nodes at a time. Following this, a tumor can develop anywhere in the lymphatic system and affect the normal functioning of the immune system. If left untreated, it can spread to adjacent organs.
Survival Rate of Lymphoma
There are two types of lymphoma viz., Hodgkin lymphoma and Non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Here we shall have a look at the survival rate for both these types of the disease.
Hodgkin lymphoma is caused due to the abnormal cells called Reed-Sternberg cells, and has been found to affect mostly young adults. The incidence of males getting the disease, is higher. Research tells us that it is common among young people below the age of 20.
In the year 2006, there were 1.1 per 100,000 children, who were affected by the disease, which is more common in children. The occurrence rate of this type of lymphoma is 7.2%. According to the race, it is most commonly seen in Caucasians, followed by African-Americans, followed by Hispanics.
According to a research, the survival rate for the disease is 95.5% for young adults below the age of 20 years. However, in the last 30 years, the deaths due to the disease has decreased. Death rate in men has decreased by 3% and in women, the death rate has decreased by 3.7%.
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is caused without the abnormal cells, and is the seventh most common cancer in both, males and females. It is more common as compared to the Hodgkins. Its occurrence rate is 6.6%. The survival rate has increased in the last 5 years, and according to a survey, it has increased to 84.4%.
However, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma still remains the ninth most common cause of death in males and sixth most common cause of death in females. This statistics is for the people living in United States of America.
Emerging technologies in the field of medical science are reducing the death rate and increasing the survival of people suffering from these deadly diseases.
Disclaimer: This is for informative purposes only, and should not be used as a replacement for expert medical advice.