The diseases that are not transferred from one person to another are called non-contagious diseases. Most of these diseases result from an unhealthy lifestyle, and are responsible for 60% of the deaths in the world today.
Diseases that are not spread from person to person are called non-contagious diseases. These diseases are usually long term in nature and develop slowly. The World Health Organization attributes about 60% of the world’s death to these diseases. The causes of many of these diseases have not been specified as yet. However, much is attributable to an individual’s medical history, lifestyle, environment in which we live, smoking, drinking, diet, physical activity, exposure to pollution, and last but not the least, genetics. Most of these diseases are associated with unhealthy and sedentary lifestyles.
Diabetes is popularly known as a lifestyle disease which practically has no cure. Insulin is produced by the pancreas to keep the glucose levels at a normal rate. However, when the body does not produce enough insulin to regulate the sugar levels or glucose in the blood stream, it leads to diabetes. Diabetes is classified as Type 1 and Type 2. In the first kind, the body stops producing insulin, whereas in the second type, the body is completely incapable of using the insulin. About 90% of the diabetics suffer from Type 2 diabetes. Before a person contracts diabetes, they suffer from prediabetes, which can be totally reversed without insulin. This non contagious disease can damage your retina, kidneys, autonomic nervous system, cause atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, and weaken your immune system.
Cardiovascular diseases or heart related diseases are the biggest reasons for the maximum number of deaths around the world. Obesity, sedentary lifestyle, diabetes, stress, high blood pressure, high levels of cholesterol in the body, and atherosclerosis, are some of the common reasons for cardiovascular diseases. However, these set of disorders can be fought, if one decides to lead a healthy lifestyle. Eating right, watching your weight, and providing your mind with some refreshing exercises such as meditation, are a few ways in which one can prevent such deadly diseases. Sadly, younger people are becoming victims of these life changing diseases, as many lead a life that only revolves around acquired stress.
There are various kinds of cancers with several possibilities as causes. Genetics, lack of physical activity, obesity, diet, smoking, drinking alcohol, and exposure to carcinogenic elements, are some of the reasons for cancer. Treating cancer depends on the type and the stage at which it is diagnosed. Each cancer is initiated with an abnormal cell formation. A few important genes which control cell division get damaged or altered, which leads to a malignant tumor, causing cancer.
The exact cause of asthma is not known. Many believe it to be a hereditary problem or one that is acquired at a later stage in life. If a child has a poor respiratory health in his early days, his chances of developing asthma later in life are predicted to be high. The theory of ‘hygiene hypothesis’, which states that emphasis on sanitation reduces the immune system’s capacity to fight germs in the air, increases a person’s chances of developing asthma, when exposed to an environment which is less clean. This is true in case of adults as well as children. Person’s suffering from this respiratory disorder must stay away from smoking, and wear a mask to avoid direct contact with pollution and dust. Unfortunately, asthma does not have a permanent cure. However, one can take care of asthma episodes with professional help.
Your bones are going through constant remodeling. Bones develop at a fast pace amongst young people. However, as you grow older, the cells that generate new bones cannot keep up with depleting cells, which is often the cause of osteoporosis. This condition is famously seen amongst menopausal women, who undergo a major drop in estrogen. One becomes prone to fractures and other bone related injuries due to osteoporosis. This too, is a condition that can be prevented by proper intake of calcium, vitamin D, exercise and medication.
Cataracts, hypertension, heart diseases, strokes, mental disorders and congenital disorders, are some more non-contagious diseases that have been taking a toll on our health. These diseases require prolonged treatments and aftercare to prevent them from spreading to the whole body. Unlike contagious diseases, many of these conditions can be prevented by taking care of the body in its younger days.