Spongiotic dermatitis is a type of eczema, which is characterized by severe itching and the appearance of a skin rash, mainly on areas like the chest, abdomen, and the buttocks.
Spongiotic dermatitis is a type of eczema, which is also known as acute eczema. The word ‘spongiotic’ means ‘little blisters’. This skin condition is characterized by the appearance of small rashes or fluid-filled blisters, and is more common in men than women.
One can develop this condition at any age. In babies, this skin condition can cause diaper rash. The skin rash caused by acute eczema can be more commonly observed in places, like the chest, abdomen, and the buttocks. However, it usually does not affect the scalp.
It can be triggered by certain factors, which can vary from one individual to another. To determine the factors that can trigger acute eczema, one has to carefully monitor the substances that come in contact with the skin. In general, this condition can be caused by an allergic reaction, which can be produced by certain specific food, drugs, and environmental allergens.
Perfumes, alcohol-based products, harsh detergents, adhesives, dust, insect bites, stress, hormonal fluctuations, changes in climate, and overexposure to sunlight are some possible factors that can cause this skin disorder. Even smoke, preservatives, dyes, certain ingredients found in creams and cosmetics can trigger an episode of acute eczema in some individuals.
Signs and Symptoms
The first symptom of acute eczema is severe itching, which is then followed by the appearance of a skin rash. The rash more commonly appears on the chest, abdomen, or the buttocks. It is usually red in color, but can gradually become darker. The raised skin rash caused by this condition can look like fluid-filled blisters.
If left untreated, the blisters can begin to weep, and this fluid can further irritate the skin. Gradually, the blisters can become rough and crusty. The skin irritation caused by this condition can be quite intense, and similar to the irritation caused by chickenpox. If the affected area of the skin is scratched, then the condition can further worsen and lead to scarring.
This skin condition is usually not curable. Physicians generally prescribe special creams and lotions to relieve the symptoms and soothe the skin. They usually recommend menthol-based preparations for treating this condition. Menthol-based creams and lotions help reduce the irritation, itching, and the rash caused by this condition. In the case of mild acute eczema, such creams and lotions can effectively control the symptoms.
But if the condition does not improve with the application of menthol-based preparations, then stronger medications, like corticosteroids and anti-inflammatory medications will be required. Prednisone is the common anti-inflammatory drug that is used for this purpose. However, this drug should never be taken without consulting a physician. Vitamin A supplements are also prescribed by some physicians, as these supplements can help prevent the development of rashes in some instances.
To reduce its future outbreaks, it is important to identify the specific factors that trigger this skin condition. After identifying the triggering factors, it is possible to avoid them in future, and reduce the episodes of acute eczema. You can consult your physician to narrow down the causes, in order to manage this condition effectively.
Disclaimer: This article is for informative purposes only, and should not be treated as a substitute for professional medical advice.