From assisting in energy production, to healing skin disorders like acne, to improving immunity against infections, vitamin B2 (riboflavin), plays a key role in vital body functions. So its deficiency can cause a wide range of health problems, some of which are discussed below:
Patients with low vitamin B2 often complain about eye irritation and watery eyes. Although, inadequate riboflavin intake might not interfere with normal vision, it is likely to trigger unusual painful burning sensation in the eyes. Persistent redness and itchy feeling in the eyes followed by increased sensitivity to light, all point towards deficiency of riboflavin. However, long-standing deficiency of this vitamin can make people prone to eye diseases like cataracts, amblyopia, and corneal vascularization.
In some cases, cracks at the corners of the mouth are distinctly visible. Sores may also erupt in the mouth. This may be followed by inflammation in the lining of the mouth and throat, thus making it difficult to swallow food.
Deficiency of this vitamin can also accelerate aging of the skin. As a result, long-term deficiency of riboflavin can cause premature formation of wrinkles on the facial skin. Even slight deviation of this vitamin from the normal range can immediately turn the skin oily. Moderate to severe deficiency can cause skin problems like dermatitis and may even lead to formation of skin lesions. Flaky, peeling skin near the nose is also observed in patients with low riboflavin.
With diet lacking in vitamin B2, do not expect your hair to remain healthy. Hair lose their natural shine and appear dull and more oily. People showing low riboflavin are also susceptible to losing their hair.
Not following a healthy diet is one of the primary reasons behind poor riboflavin status in countries like United States. Bad food choices deprives the body of its essential nutrients. So, one has to be very careful about what one prefers to eat during meals. Foods like green vegetables, milk, and dietary products such as yogurt and cheese are good sources of this vitamin and so should be included in your diet.
Alcohol or coffee are well-known for their diuretic action. Hence, their excess consumption can cause significant loss of riboflavin.
Chronic illnesses are yet another culprits behind sudden loss of vitamin B2. People who have recently recovered from prolonged illnesses of the liver or other chronic infections may be diagnosed with this vitamin deficiency.
Considering these bothersome symptoms, it would be wise to follow a healthy diet. Additionally, the doctor may recommend the necessary supplements that need to be taken orally to overcome riboflavin deficiency.
Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is solely for educating the reader. It is not intended to be a substitute for the advice of a medical expert.